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Alabama: 6th-Grade Standards

AL.6 Standard: United States Studies—Industrial Revolution to the Present

Sixth-grade content standards focus on the history of the United States from the Industrial Revolution to the present. Historical events studied by sixth graders include the rise of the United States as an industrial nation, World War I, the Great Depression, World War II, and the Cold War Era.

6.1

  • 6.1. Students will:

    Explain the impact of industrialization, urbanization, communication, and cultural changes on life in the United States from the late nineteenth century to World War I. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

6.2

  • 6.2.1 Students will:

    Describe reform movements and changing social conditions during the Progressive Era in the United States. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.2.1 Students will practice:

    • Relating countries of origin and experiences of new immigrants to life in the United States
      • Grade Level Example:

        Mobile, Boston, New York, New Orleans, Savannah

    • Identifying workplace reforms, including the eight-hour workday, child labor laws, and workers’ compensation laws
    • Identifying political reforms of Progressive movement leaders, including Theodore Roosevelt and the establishment of the national park system
    • Identifying social reforms of the Progressive movement, including efforts by Jane Adams, Clara Barton, and Julia
      Tutwiler
    • Recognizing goals of the early civil rights movement and the purpose of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    • Explaining Progressive movement provisions of the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-first Amendments to the Constitution of the United States

6.3

  • 6.3.1 Students will:

    Identify causes and consequences of World War I and reasons for United States’ entry into the war. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

    • Grade Level Example:

      sinking of the Lusitania, Zimmerman Note, alliances, militarism, imperialism, nationalism

  • 6.3.2 Students will practice:

  • Describing military and civilian roles in the United States during World War I
  • Explaining roles of important persons associated with World War I, including Woodrow Wilson and Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  • Analyzing technological advances of the World War I era for their impact on modern warfare
    • Grade Level Example:

      machine gun, tank, submarine, airplane, poisonous gas, gas mask

  • Locating on a map major countries involved in World War I and boundary changes after the war
  • Explaining the intensification of isolationism in the United States after World War I
    • Grade Level Example:

      reaction of the Congress of the United States to the Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations, and Red Scare

  • Recognizing the strategic placement of military
    bases in Alabama

6.4

  • 6.4.1 Students will:

    Identify cultural and economic developments in the United States from 1900 through the 1930s. (Economics, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.4.2 Students will practice:

    • Describing the impact of various writers, musicians, and artists on American culture during the Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Age
      • Grade Level Example:

        Langston Hughes, Louis Armstrong, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Andrew Wyeth, Frederic Remington, W. C. Handy, Erskine Hawkins, George Gershwin, Zora Neale Hurston

    • Identifying contributions of turn-of-the-century inventors
      • Grade Level Example:

        George Washington Carver, Henry Ford, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Alva Edison, Wilbur and Orville Wright

    • Describing the emergence of the modern woman during the early 1900s
      • Grade Level Example:

        Amelia Earhart, Zelda Fitzgerald, Helen Keller, suffragettes, suffragists, Susan B. Anthony, flappers, Margaret Washington

    • Identifying notable persons of the early 1900s
      • Grade Level Example:

        Babe Ruth, Charles A. Lindbergh, W. E. B. Du Bois, John T. Scopes

    • Comparing results of the economic policies of the Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover Administrations
      • Grade Level Example:

        higher wages, increase in consumer goods, collapse of farm economy, extension of personal credit, stock market crash, Immigration Act of 1924

6.5

  • 6.5.1 Students will:

    Explain causes and effects of the Great Depression on the people of the United States. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

    • Grade Level Example:

      economic failure, loss of farms, rising unemployment, building of Hoovervilles

  • 6.5.2 Students will practice:

  • Identifying patterns of migration during the Great Depression
  • Locating on a map the area of the United States known as the Dust Bowl
  • Describing the importance of the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President of the United States, including the New Deal alphabet agencies
  • Locating on a map river systems utilized by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

6.6

  • 6.6.1 Students will:

    Identify causes and consequences of World War II and reasons for entry of the United States into the war. (Geography, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.6.2 Students will practice:

    • Locating on a map Allied countries and Axis Powers
    • Locating on a map key engagements of World War II, including Pearl Harbor; the battles of Normandy, Stalingrad, and Midway; and the Battle of the Bulge
    • Identifying key figures of World War II, including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Sir Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Michinomiya Hirohito, and Hideki Tōjō
    • Describing the development of and the decision to use the atomic bomb
    • Describing human costs associated with World War II
      • Grade Level Example:

        the Holocaust, civilian and military casualties

    • Explaining the importance of the surrender of the Axis Powers ending World War II

6.7

  • 6.7.1 Students will:

    Identify causes and consequences of World War II and reasons for entry of the United States into the war. (Economics, History, Civics and Government)

    • Grade Level Example:

      rationing

  • 6.7.2 Students will practice:

  • Recognizing the retooling of factories from consumer to military production
  • Identifying new roles of women and African Americans in the workforce
  • Describing increased demand on Birmingham steel
    industry and Port of Mobile facilities
  • Describing the experience of African Americans and Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II, including the Tuskegee Airmen and
    occupants of internment camps

6.8

  • 6.8.1 Students will:

    Describe how the United States’ role in the Cold War influenced domestic and international events. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.8.2 Students will practice:

    • Describing the origin and meaning of the Iron Curtain and communism
    • Recognizing how the Cold War conflict manifested itself through sports
      • Grade Level Example:

        Olympic Games, international chess tournaments, Ping-Pong diplomacy

    • Identifying strategic diplomatic initiatives that intensified the Cold War, including the policies of Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy
      • Grade Level Example:

        trade embargoes, Marshall Plan, arms race, Berlin blockade and airlift, Berlin Wall, mutually assured destruction, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Warsaw Pact, Cuban missile crisis, Bay of Pigs invasion

    • Identifying how Cold War tensions resulted in armed conflict
      • Grade Level Example:

        Korean Conflict, Vietnam War, proxy wars

    • Describing the impact of the Cold War on technological innovations
      • Grade Level Example:

        Sputnik; space race; weapons of mass destruction; accessibility of microwave ovens, calculators, and computers

    • Recognizing Alabama’s role in the Cold War
      • Grade Level Example:

        rocket production at Redstone Arsenal, helicopter training at Fort Rucker

    • Assessing effects of the end of the Cold War Era
      • Grade Level Example:

        policies of Mikhail Gorbachev; collapse of the Soviet Union; Ronald W. Reagan’s foreign policies, including the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI or Star Wars)

6.9

  • 6.9.1 Students will:

    Critique major social and cultural changes in the United States since World War II. (Economics, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.9.2 Students will practice:

    • Identifying key persons and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement
      • Grade Level Example:

        persons—Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Fred Shuttlesworth, John Lewis
        events—Brown versus Board of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, student protests, Freedom Rides, Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March, political assassinations

    • Describing the changing role of women in United States’ society and how it affected the family unit
      • Grade Level Example:

        women in the workplace, latchkey children

    • Recognizing the impact of music genres and artists on United States’ culture since World War II
      • Grade Level Example:

        genres—protest songs; Motown, rock and roll, rap, folk, and country music
        artists—Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Aretha Franklin, Hank Williams

    • Identifying the impact of media, including newspapers, AM and FM radio, television, twenty-four hour sports and news programming, talk radio, and Internet social networking, on United States’ culture since World War II

6.10

  • 6.10.1 Students will:

    Analyze changing economic priorities and cycles of economic expansion and contraction for their impact on society since World War II.(Economics, History, Civics and Government)

    • Grade Level Example:

      shift from manufacturing to service economy, higher standard of living, globalization, outsourcing, insourcing, ―boom and bust, economic bubbles

  • 6.10.2 Students will practice:

  • Identifying policies and programs that had an economic impact on society since World War II
    • Grade Level Example:

      G. I. Bill of Rights of 1944, Medicare and Medicaid, Head Start programs, space exploration, Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), environmental protection issues

  • Analyzing consequences of immigration for their impact on national and Alabama economies since World War II

6.11

  • 6.11. Students will:

    Identify technological advancements on society in the United States since World War II. (Economics, History)

    • Grade Level Example:

      1950s—fashion doll, audio cassette
      1960s—action figure, artificial heart, Internet, calculator
      1970s—word processor, video game, cellular telephone
      1980s—personal computer, Doppler radar, digital cellular telephone
      1990s—World Wide Web, digital video diskette (DVD)
      2000s—digital music player, social networking technology, personal Global Positioning System (GPS) device

6.12

  • 6.12.1 Students will:

    Evaluate significant political issues and policies of presidential administrations since World War II. (Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government)

  • 6.12.2 Students will practice:

    • Identifying domestic policies that shaped the United States since World War II
      • Grade Level Example:

        desegregation of the military, Interstate Highway System, federal funding for education, Great Society, affirmative action, Americans with Disabilities Act, welfare reform, Patriot Act, No Child Left Behind Act

    • Recognizing domestic issues that shaped the United States since World War II
      • Grade Level Example:

        desegregation of the military, Interstate Highway System, federal funding for education, Great Society, affirmative action, Americans with Disabilities Act, welfare reform, Patriot Act, No Child Left Behind Act

    • Identifying issues of foreign affairs that shaped the United States since World War II
      • Grade Level Example:

        Vietnam Conflict, Richard Nixon’s China initiative, Jimmy Carter’s human rights initiative, emergence of China and India as economic powers

 
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