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Arizona: 3rd-Grade Standards

AZ.SS03-S1 Strand: American History

  • SS03-S1C1. Concept / Standard: Research Skills for History

    Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues. By using primary and secondary sources effectively students obtain accurate and relevant information.

    • SS03-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Use timelines to identify the time sequence of historical data.

    • SS03-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Recognize how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

    • SS03-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Use primary source materials (e.g., photos, artifacts, interviews, documents, maps) and secondary source materials (e.g., encyclopedias, biographies) to study people and events from the past.

    • SS03-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Retell stories to describe past events, people and places.

  • SS03-S1C2. Concept / Standard:

    Early Civilizations

    • SS03-S1C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS03-S1C3. Concept / Standard: Exploration and Colonization 1500s - 1700s

    The varied causes and effects of exploration, settlement, and colonization shaped regional and national development of the U.S.

    • SS03-S1C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss technological advances (e.g., compass, printing press) that facilitated exploration of the New World.

    • SS03-S1C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Recognize that European countries explored the New World for economic and political reasons.

    • SS03-S1C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss European explorers (e.g., Samuel Champlain, Henry Hudson, John Cabot, Jacques Cartier, Ponce de Leon, Hernan de Soto) and their discoveries in the New World.

    • SS03-S1C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Recognize how European exploration affected Native Americans in the Eastern regions (e.g., way of life, loss of land).

  • SS03-S1C4. Concept / Standard:

    Revolution and New Nation

    • SS03-S1C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS03-S1C5. Concept / Standard:

    Westward Expansion

    • SS03-S1C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS03-S1C6. Concept / Standard: Civil War and Reconstruction 1850 - 1877

    Regional conflicts led to the Civil War and resulted in significant changes to American social, economic, and political structures.

    • SS03-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Recognize that there were issues (e.g., slavery, states' rights, South seceded from the Union) associated with the Civil War.

    • SS03-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss contributions of people (e.g., Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass) during the Civil War era.

  • SS03-S1C7. Concept / Standard: Emergence of the Modern United States 1875 - 1929

    Economic, social, and cultural changes transformed the U.S. into a world power.

    • SS03-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss reasons (e.g., famine, political discord, religious persecution, economic opportunity) why people left their home country to start a new life in the United States.

    • SS03-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe the experiences (e.g., new language, customs, opportunities, hardships) in immigrants' lives after settling in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • SS03-S1C8. Concept / Standard:

    Great Depression and World War II

    • SS03-S1C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS03-S1C9. Concept / Standard: Postwar United States 1945 - 1970s

    Postwar tensions led to social change in the U.S. and to a heightened focus on foreign policy.

    • SS03-S1C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Recognize that individuals (e.g., Susan B. Anthony, Jackie Robinson, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., Cesar Chavez) worked for and supported the rights and freedoms of others.

  • SS03-S1C10 Concept / Standard: Contemporary United States 1970s - Present

    Current events and issues continue to shape our nation and our involvement in the global community.

    • SS03-S1C10 Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • SS03-S1C10 Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss the connections between current events and historical events and issues from content studied in Strand 1 using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

  • AZ.SS03-S2 Strand: World History

    • SS03-S2C1. Concept / Standard: Research Skills for History

      Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues.

      • SS03-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Use timelines to identify the time sequence of historical data.

      • SS03-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

      • SS03-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Use primary source materials (e.g., photos, artifacts, interviews, documents, maps) and secondary source materials (e.g., encyclopedias, biographies) to study people and events from the past.

      • SS03-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Retell stories to describe past events, people and places.

    • SS03-S2C2. Concept / Standard: Early Civilizations

      The geographic, political, economic and cultural characteristics of early civilizations significantly influenced the development of later civilizations.

      • SS03-S2C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize how government (beginnings of democracy), mythology, art, architecture, and the Olympics in Ancient Greece contributed to the development of their own and later civilizations.

      • SS03-S2C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss the contributions of Ancient Greek teachers/philosophers (e.g., Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) whose thinking contributed to the development of their own and later civilizations.

      • SS03-S2C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize how representative government, mythology, architecture (e.g., aqueducts), and language (e.g., Latin) in Ancient Rome contributed to the development of their own and later civilizations.

      • SS03-S2C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss the contributions of political and military leaders of Ancient Rome (e.g., Julius Caesar, Augustus, Constantine) whose actions influenced their own and later civilizations.

    • SS03-S2C3. Concept / Standard:

      World in Transition

      • SS03-S2C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S2C4. Concept / Standard:

      Renaissance and Reformation

      • SS03-S2C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S2C5. Concept / Standard: Encounters and Exchange

      Innovations, discoveries, exploration, and colonization accelerated contact, conflict, and interconnection among societies world wide, transforming and creating nations.

      • SS03-S2C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how the search for a Northwest Passage to Asia led to the exploration and settlement of Canada.

      • SS03-S2C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss European global explorations (e.g., Columbus, Magellan, Henry Hudson, Vasco da Gama, Balboa).

    • SS03-S2C6. Concept / Standard:

      Age of Revolution

      • SS03-S2C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S2C7. Concept / Standard:

      Age of Imperialism

      • SS03-S2C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S2C8. Concept / Standard:

      World at War

      • SS03-S2C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S2C9. Concept / Standard: Contemporary World

      The nations of the contemporary world are shaped by their cultural and political past. Current events, developments and issues continue to shape the global community.

      • SS03-S2C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

  • AZ.SS03-S3 Strand: Civics/Government

    • SS03-S3C1. Concept / Standard: Foundations of Government

      The United States democracy is based on principles and ideals that are embodied by symbols, people and documents.

      • SS03-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe national symbols and monuments that represent American democracy and values

        a) Statue of Liberty; b) Ellis Island; c) Lincoln Memorial; d) the U. S. Capitol.

      • SS03-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize that people in the United States have varied backgrounds but may share principles, goals, customs and traditions.

      • SS03-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how people in the community and state work together to achieve common goals.

      • SS03-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the significance of national holidays

        a) Presidents' Day; b) Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; c) Veterans' Day; d) Memorial Day; e) Constitution Day; f) Labor Day.

    • SS03-S3C2. Concept / Standard: Structure of Government

      The United States structure of government is characterized by the separation and balance of powers.

      • SS03-S3C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Discuss the three branches of state and national government

        a) Executive; b) Legislative; c) Judicial.

      • SS03-S3C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize that there are different levels of government (e.g., local, tribal, county, state, national).

    • SS03-S3C3. Concept / Standard: Functions of Government

      Laws and policies are developed to govern, protect, and promote the well-being of the people.

      • SS03-S3C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the basic concept of how laws are made (e.g., law proposed, discussed, amended, voted on).

    • SS03-S3C4. Concept / Standard: Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles of Citizenship

      The rights, responsibilities and practices of United States citizenship are founded in the Constitution and the nation's history.

      • SS03-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizenship

        a) good sportsmanship; b) participation and cooperation; c) rules and consequences; d) voting.

      • SS03-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the importance of students contributing to a community (e.g., service projects, cooperating, volunteering).

      • SS03-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify traits of character (e.g., honesty, courage, cooperation, respect, trustworthiness, responsibility, citizenship) that are important to the preservation and improvement of democracy.

    • SS03-S3C5. Concept / Standard:

      Government Systems of the World

      • SS03-S3C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

  • AZ.SS03-S4 Strand: Geography

    • SS03-S4C1. Concept / Standard: The World in Spatial Terms

      The spatial perspective and associated geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places and environments.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss that different types of maps (e.g., political, physical, thematic) serve various purposes.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Interpret political and physical maps using the following elements

        a) alpha-numeric grids; b) title; c) compass rose -cardinal and intermediate directions; d) symbols; e) legend; f) scale.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct a map of a familiar place (e.g., school, home, neighborhood, fictional place) that includes a title, compass rose, symbols, and legend.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct maps using symbols to represent human and physical features.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct charts and graphs to display geographic information.

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Recognize characteristics of human and physical features

        a) physical (i.e., ocean continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert, gulf, bay, strait, plain, valley, volcano, peninsula); b) human (i.e., equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles, city).

      • SS03-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Locate physical and human features using maps, illustrations, images, or globes

        a) physical (i.e., seven continents, four oceans, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert, gulf, bay, strait, peninsula); b) human (i.e., equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles, city, state, country, roads, railroads).

    • SS03-S4C2. Concept / Standard: Places and Regions

      Places and regions have distinct physical and cultural characteristics.

      • SS03-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Locate major physical and human features from content studied (e.g., Greece, Canada, Spain, United States) on maps and globes.

      • SS03-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how physical and human characteristics of places change from past to present.

    • SS03-S4C3. Concept / Standard: Physical Systems

      Physical processes shape the Earth and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems. These processes affect the distribution of resources and economic development.

      • SS03-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe major factors that impact human populations and the environment.

      • SS03-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain the relationships among plants and animals in different environments.

      • SS03-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe ways species adapt to environments and what happens if they cannot adapt.

      • SS03-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the basic properties of earth materials (rocks, fossils, layers of the earth).

    • SS03-S4C4. Concept / Standard: Human Systems

      Human cultures, their nature, and distribution affect societies and the Earth.

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe changes over time in transportation (e.g., animal, boat, train, motorized vehicle, aircraft).

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe changes over time in communication networks (e.g., telegraph, telephone, postal, internet).

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Recognize there are differences in political units and hierarchies (i.e., community, city, county, state, country, continent).

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe elements of culture of a community or nation (e.g., food, clothing, housing, sports, customs, beliefs) in areas studied.

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss that Ancient Civilizations have changed from past to present.

      • SS03-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss the major economic activities and land use (e.g., harvesting natural resources, agricultural, industrial, residential, commercial, recreational) of areas studied.

    • SS03-S4C5. Concept / Standard: Environment and Society

      Human and environmental interactions are interdependent upon one another. Humans interact with the environment- they depend upon it, they modify it; and they adapt to it. The health and well-being of all humans depends upon an understanding of the interconnections and interdependence of human and physical systems.

      • SS03-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify ways (e.g., farming, building structures and dams, creating transportation routes, overgrazing, mining, logging) in which humans depend upon, adapt to, and impact the earth.

      • SS03-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe ways of protecting natural resources.

      • SS03-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify resources that are renewable, recyclable, and non-renewable.

    • SS03-S4C6. Concept / Standard: Geographic Applications

      Geographic thinking (asking and answering geographic questions) is used to understand spatial patterns of the past, the present, and to plan for the future.

      • SS03-S4C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss geographic concepts related to current events.

      • SS03-S4C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Use geography concepts and skills (e.g., recognizing patterns, mapping, graphing) to find solutions for local, state or national problems (e.g., shortage or abundance of natural resources).

  • AZ.SS03-S5 Strand: Economics

    • SS03-S5C1. Concept / Standard: Foundations of Economics

      The foundations of economics are the application of basic economic concepts and decision-making skills. This includes scarcity and the different methods of allocation of goods and services.

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify how scarcity requires people to make choices due to their unlimited wants and needs.

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify opportunity costs in personal decision-making situations.

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify goods and services (e.g., fire and police protection, immunizations, library) provided by local government.

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Give examples of trade in the local community (e.g., farmers supply the grocer).

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss reasons (e.g., labor, raw materials, energy resources) why some goods are made locally and some are made in other parts of the United States and world.

      • SS03-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss how producers use natural, human, and capital resources to create goods and services.

    • SS03-S5C2. Concept / Standard: Microeconomics

      Microeconomics examines the costs and benefits of economic choices relating to individuals, markets and industries, and governmental policies.

      • SS03-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss different ways individuals can earn money.

    • SS03-S5C3. Concept / Standard:

      Macroeconomics

      • SS03-S5C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S5C4. Concept / Standard:

      Global Economics

      • SS03-S5C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS03-S5C5. Concept / Standard: Personal Finance

      Decision-making skills foster a person's individual standard of living. Using information wisely leads to better informed decisions as consumers, workers, investors and effective participants in society.

      • SS03-S5C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss costs and benefits of personal spending and saving choices.

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