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Arizona: 7th-Grade Standards

AZ.SS07-S1 Strand: American History

  • SS07-S1C1. Concept / Standard: Research Skills for History

    Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues. By using primary and secondary sources effectively students obtain accurate and relevant information.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Construct charts, graphs, and narratives using historical data.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Interpret historical data displayed in graphs, tables, and charts.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Construct timelines (e.g., presidents/world leaders, key events, people) of the historical era being studied.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Formulate questions that can be answered by historical study and research.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe the relationship between a primary source document and a secondary source document.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Determine the credibility and bias of primary and secondary sources.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Analyze cause and effect relationships between and among individuals and/or historical events.

    • SS07-S1C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe two points of view on the same historical event.

  • SS07-S1C2. Concept / Standard:

    Early Civilizations

    • SS07-S1C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS07-S1C3. Concept / Standard:

    Exploration and Colonization

    • SS07-S1C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS07-S1C4. Concept / Standard:

    Revolution and New Nation

    • SS07-S1C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS07-S1C5. Concept / Standard:

    Westward Expansion

    • SS07-S1C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS07-S1C6. Concept / Standard: Civil War and Reconstruction 1850 - 1877

    Regional conflicts led to the Civil War and resulted in significant changes to American social, economic, and political structures.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the factors leading to the Civil War

      a) role of abolitionists and Underground Railroad; b) Sectionalism and States' Rights; c) Westward expansion; d) Missouri and 1850 Compromises; e) Dred Scott Decision; f) Kansas-Nebraska Act.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Determine the significance of the following events of the Civil War

      a) firing on Fort Sumter; b) major battles - Bull Run, Antietam, Vicksburg, Gettysburg; c) Enactment of the Emancipation Proclamation; d) Sherman's march; e) surrender at Appomattox.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe significance of the following individuals or groups in the Civil War

      a) political leaders (i.e., Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis); b) military leaders (e.g., Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson); c) role of African-Americans; d) role of Women.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the impact of the Civil War on the following personal, social, and economic aspects of American life

      a) Americans fighting Americans; b) high casualties caused by disease and the type of warfare; c) widespread destruction of American property; d) change in status of freed slaves; e) value of railroads and industry.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the impact of various events and movements that influenced Reconstruction

      a) Lincoln's assassination; b) Ku Klux Klan and the development of Jim Crow laws; c) Freedmen's Bureau; d) Civil War Constitutional Amendments; e) industrialization.

    • SS07-S1C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe the basic provisions of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.

  • SS07-S1C7. Concept / Standard: Emergence of the Modern United States 1875 - 1929

    Economic, social, and cultural changes transformed the U.S. into a world power.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Examine the reasons why people emigrated from their homelands to settle in the United States during the late 19th century.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe how the United States was positively and negatively affected by factors and events resulting from the arrival of a large numbers of immigrants.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss how the Industrial Revolution in the United States was supported by multiple factors (e.g. geographic security, abundant natural resources, innovations in technology, available labor, global markets).

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Discuss the relationship between immigration and industrialization.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the impact of industrialization on the United States

      a) rural to urban migration; b) factory conditions; c) unions; d) influence of big businesses.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the following Progressive Reforms that resulted from the Industrial Revolution

      a) labor unions; b) Women's Suffrage; c) trust busting; d) conservation of natural resources; e) Temperance Movement.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe how innovations of the Industrial Revolution (e.g., manufacturing, textiles, transportation, improvements) contributed to U.S. growth and expansion.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Identify the following groups' contributions to the changing social and political structure of the United States

      a) labor leaders (e.g., Samuel Gompers, Mother Jones); b) social reformers (e.g., Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton); c) industrialists (e.g., Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller); d) inventors (e.g., Thomas Edison, Henry Ford); e) Populists (e.g., William Jennings Bryan); f) financiers (e.g., J.P. Morgan, Jay Gould).

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the following factors that fostered the growth of American imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries

      a) desire for military strength; b) interest in new markets; c) need for inexpensive source of raw materials.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the United States' expanding role in the world during the late 19th and early 20th centuries

      a) Spanish American War; b) Panama Canal; c) Alaska and Hawaii; d) Open Door Policy; e) China - Boxer Rebellion.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe major factors in Arizona history (e.g., territorial status, mining, constitutional convention) leading to statehood.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the following events that led to United States involvement in World War I

      a) shift away from isolationism; b) sinking of the Lusitania; c) Zimmermann Telegram.

    • SS07-S1C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe important events associated with World War l

      a) anti-German feelings in the United States; b) passing of the Selective Service Act; c) migration of African-Americans to the north; d) Wilson's Fourteen Points; e) controversy over the Treaty of Versailles.

  • SS07-S1C8. Concept / Standard: Great Depression and World War II 1929 - 1945

    Domestic and world events, economic issues, and political conflicts redefined the role of government in the lives of U.S. citizens.

    • SS07-S1C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Identify economic policies and factors (e.g., unequal distribution of income, weaknesses in the farm sector, buying on margin, stock market crash) that led to the Great Depression.

    • SS07-S1C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Determine the impact of natural and manmade crises (e.g., unemployment, food lines, the Dust Bowl and the western migration of Midwest farmers) of the Great Depression.

    • #NAME? Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe how the following New Deal programs affected the American people

      a) works programs (e.g., WPA, CCC, TVA); b) farm subsidies; c) Social Security.

    • SS07-S1C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe how Pearl Harbor led to United States involvement in World War II.

    • SS07-S1C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe the impact of World War II on economic recovery from the Great Depression.

  • SS07-S1C9. Concept / Standard:

    Postwar United States

    • SS07-S1C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      No performance objectives at this grade.

  • SS07-S1C10 Concept / Standard: Contemporary United States 1970s - Present

    Current events and issues continue to shape our nation and our involvement in the global community.

    • SS07-S1C10 Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • SS07-S1C10 Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Identify the connection between current and historical events and issues studied at this grade level using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • SS07-S1C10 Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

      Describe how key political, social, geographic, and economic events of the late 20th century and early 21st century affected, and continue to affect, the United States.

  • AZ.SS07-S2 Strand: World History

    • SS07-S2C1. Concept / Standard: Research Skills for History

      Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct charts, graphs, and narratives using historical data.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Interpret historical data displayed in graphs, tables, and charts.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct timelines (e.g., presidents/world leaders, key events, people) of the historical era being studied.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Formulate questions that can be answered by historical study and research.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the relationship between a primary source document and a secondary source document.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Determine the credibility and bias of primary and secondary sources.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze cause and effect relationships between and among individuals and/or historical events.

      • SS07-S2C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe two points of view on the same historical event.

    • SS07-S2C2. Concept / Standard:

      Early Civilizations

      • SS07-S2C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS07-S2C3. Concept / Standard:

      World in Transition

      • SS07-S2C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS07-S2C4. Concept / Standard:

      Renaissance and Reformation

      • SS07-S2C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS07-S2C5. Concept / Standard:

      Encounters and Exchange

      • SS07-S2C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        No performance objectives at this grade.

    • SS07-S2C6. Concept / Standard: Age of Revolution

      Intensified internal conflicts led to the radical overthrow of traditional governments and created new political and economic systems.

      • SS07-S2C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how innovations and inventions during the Industrial Revolution impacted industry, manufacturing, and transportation.

      • SS07-S2C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Determine the effect of the Industrial Revolution on the Western World

        a) growth of cities; b) rise of middle class; c) spread of industrialism; d) rise of imperialism; e) foundation for future technological advances; f) labor issues.

    • SS07-S2C7. Concept / Standard: Age of Imperialism

      Industrialized nations exerted political, economic, and social control over less developed areas of the world.

      • SS07-S2C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the effects of the following factors on the rise of imperialism

        a) increased need for raw materials; b) increased need for consumers; c) nationalism - countries increased power.

      • SS07-S2C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how areas in the world (e.g., Africa, India, China) were impacted by the imperialism of European countries.

      • SS07-S2C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how industrialization in Japan led to its rise as a world power.

      • SS07-S2C7- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the impact of American interests in the following areas during the late 19th century and the early 20th century

        a) Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Spanish American War; b) China and the Boxer Rebellion; c) Colombia and the building of the Panama Canal; d) Hawaiian annexation.

    • SS07-S2C8. Concept / Standard: World at War

      Global events, economic issues and political ideologies ignited tensions leading to worldwide military conflagrations and diplomatic confrontations in a context of development and change.

      • SS07-S2C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Explain how the following world movements led to World War I

        a) militarism; b) imperialism; c) nationalism; d) formation of alliances.

      • SS07-S2C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Summarize the outcomes of World War I

        a) Treaty of Versailles (e.g., restrictions on Germany, end of the Ottoman Empire, redrawing of European boundaries); b) economic issues (e.g., national debt, spread of socialism).

      • SS07-S2C8- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the rise of totalitarianism in Europe following World War I

        a) Italy under Mussolini; b) Germany under Hitler; c) Soviet Union under Stalin.

    • SS07-S2C9. Concept / Standard: Contemporary World

      The nations of the contemporary world are shaped by their cultural and political past. Current events, developments and issues continue to shape the global community.

      • SS07-S2C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

      • SS07-S2C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the connection between current and historical events and issues identified in Concept 8 above using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

      • SS07-S2C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze how world events of the late 20th century and early 21st century (e.g., terrorism, globalization, conflicts, interdependence, natural disasters, advancements in science and technology, environmental issues) affected, and continue to affect, the social, political, geographic, and economic climate of the world.

      • SS07-S2C9- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Compare the economic, political, and social aspects of a country identified in Concept 8 above during the first half of the 20th century to its contemporary economic, political, and social aspects.

  • AZ.SS07-S3 Strand: Civics/Government

    • SS07-S3C1. Concept / Standard: Foundations of Government

      The United States democracy is based on principles and ideals that are embodied by symbols, people and documents.

      • SS07-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the significance of the principles and ideals of the following documents

        a) Bill of Rights (as related to specific time periods); b) Emancipation Proclamation.

      • SS07-S3C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze Arizona's transition from territory to statehood

        a) locations of capital; b) founding people; c) Arizona's constitution.

    • SS07-S3C2. Concept / Standard: Structure of Government

      The United States structure of government is characterized by the separation and balance of powers.

      • SS07-S3C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe how the powers of checks and balances are used in the following

        a) impeachment; b) declaring war; c) treaties; d) veto; e) judicial review.

    • SS07-S3C3. Concept / Standard: Functions of Government

      Laws and policies are developed to govern, protect, and promote the well-being of the people.

      • SS07-S3C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Analyze the significance of the following judicial decisions

        a) Dred Scott; b) Plessy v. Ferguson; c) Scopes Trial.

      • SS07-S3C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the government's role in progressive reforms (e.g., women's suffrage, labor unions, temperance movement, civil rights).

    • SS07-S3C4. Concept / Standard: Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles of Citizenship

      The rights, responsibilities and practices of United States citizenship are founded in the Constitution and the nation's history.

      • SS07-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the benefits of community service.

      • SS07-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss the character traits (e.g., respect, responsibility, fairness, involvement) that are important to the preservation and improvement of constitutional democracy in the United States

      • SS07-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the importance of citizens being actively involved in the democratic process (i.e., voting, student government, involvement in political decision making, analyzing issues, petitioning public officials).

      • SS07-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Explain the obligations and responsibilities of citizenship

        a) upholding the Constitution; b) obeying the law; c) paying taxes; d) registering for selective service; e) jury duty.

      • SS07-S3C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the impact of Constitutional Amendments and laws (i.e., Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-first Amendments, Jim Crow Laws, Black Codes, Dawes Act) that came about during the historical time periods studied.

    • SS07-S3C5. Concept / Standard: Government Systems of the World

      Different governmental systems exist throughout the world. The United States influences and is influenced by global interactions.

      • SS07-S3C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss how negotiations with foreign governments have led to the development of foreign policy initiatives (e.g., Treaty of Versailles, Fourteen Points, League of Nations).

      • SS07-S3C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Compare different types of governments

        a) dictatorship; b) totalitarian; c) monarchies.

  • AZ.SS07-S4 Strand: Geography

    • SS07-S4C1. Concept / Standard: The World in Spatial Terms

      The spatial perspective and associated geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places and environments.

      • SS07-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Construct maps, charts, and graphs to display geographic information.

      • SS07-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify purposes and differences of maps, globes, aerial photographs, charts, and satellite images.

      • SS07-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Interpret maps, charts, and geographic databases using geographic information.

      • SS07-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Locate physical and cultural features (e.g., continents, cities, countries, significant waterways, mountain ranges, climate zones, major water bodies, landforms) throughout the world.

      • SS07-S4C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Interpret thematic maps, graphs, charts, and databases depicting various aspects of the United States and world regions. (Apply to regions studied.)

    • SS07-S4C2. Concept / Standard: Places and Regions

      Places and regions have distinct physical and cultural characteristics.

      • SS07-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the human and physical characteristics of places and regions.

      • SS07-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain the concept of regions and why they change.

      • SS07-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Compare the historical and contemporary interactions among people in different places and regions.

      • SS07-S4C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how a place changes over time.

    • SS07-S4C3. Concept / Standard: Physical Systems

      Physical processes shape the Earth and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems. These processes affect the distribution of resources and economic development.

      • SS07-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze environmental benefits and risks of human interactions.

      • SS07-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze relationships in the environment (food chains, food webs, carrying capacity, problems associated with population growth, environmental factors) affecting living organisms.

      • SS07-S4C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the basic properties of earth materials (rocks, fossils, layers of the earth) and how change over time is estimated.

    • SS07-S4C4. Concept / Standard: Human Systems

      Human cultures, their nature, and distribution affect societies and the Earth.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Discuss the implications of the demographic structure of places and regions.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the push and pull factors (e.g., need for raw materials, enslavement, employment opportunities, impact of war, religious freedom, political freedom) that cause human migrations.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the effects of human migration (e.g., imperialism, quota system, changing of political boundaries, multiculturalism) in the U.S. and regions of the world.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze how social (e.g., family), physical (e.g., good climate, farmland, water, minerals), and economic (e.g., jobs) resources influence where human populations choose to live.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze the effects of settlement (e.g., quality of life, transportation, population density) on places.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the distributions and patterns of cultural characteristics (e.g., religions, language, standards of living) over time.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the factors (e.g., nearness to transportation routes, markets, raw materials, labor force) that influence the location, distribution and interrelationships of economic activities in different places and world regions.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain how cooperation and conflict contribute to political, economic, and social activities.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify cultural aspects (e.g., literacy rates, occupations, property rights) based on social and political factors.

      • SS07-S4C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how changes in technology, transportation, communication, and resources affect the location of economic activities in places and world regions.

    • SS07-S4C5. Concept / Standard: Environment and Society

      Human and environmental interactions are interdependent upon one another. Humans interact with the environment- they depend upon it, they modify it; and they adapt to it. The health and well-being of all humans depends upon an understanding of the interconnections and interdependence of human and physical systems.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the physical processes (e.g., conservation of natural resources, mining, water distribution in Arizona) that influence the formation and location of resources.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the consequences of natural hazards (e.g., Dust Bowl hurricanes, droughts, earthquakes).

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how humans modify environments (e.g., conservation, deforestation, dams) and adapt to the environment.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the positive and negative outcomes of human modification on the environment.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain how modification in one place (e.g., canals, dams, farming techniques, industrialization) often leads to changes in other locations.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the ways human population growth can affect environments and the capacity of environments to support populations.

      • SS07-S4C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Compare different points of view and research on environmental issues (e.g., land use, natural resources, wildlife, biomes).

    • SS07-S4C6. Concept / Standard: Geographic Applications

      Geographic thinking (asking and answering geographic questions) is used to understand spatial patterns of the past, the present, and to plan for the future.

      • SS07-S4C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe ways geographic features and conditions influence history. (Connect to time periods studied as well as current events.)

      • SS07-S4C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how environments (e.g., Sun Belt, urban areas) influence living conditions.

      • SS07-S4C6- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Use geographic knowledge and skills (e.g., recognizing patterns, mapping, graphing) when discussing current events.

  • AZ.SS07-S5 Strand: Economics

    • SS07-S5C1. Concept / Standard: Foundations of Economics

      The foundations of economics are the application of basic economic concepts and decision-making skills. This includes scarcity and the different methods of allocation of goods and services.

      • SS07-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain how limited resources and unlimited human wants cause people to choose some things and give up others.

      • SS07-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze how scarcity, opportunity costs, and trade-offs influence decision making.

      • SS07-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify how governments and businesses make choices based on the availability of resources.

      • SS07-S5C1- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the characteristics of a market economy

        a) property rights; b) freedom of enterprise; c) competition; d) consumer choice; e) limited role of government.

    • SS07-S5C2. Concept / Standard: Microeconomics

      Microeconomics examines the costs and benefits of economic choices relating to individuals, markets and industries, and governmental policies.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the functions and relationships among various institutions (e.g., business firms, banks, government agencies, labor unions, corporations) that make up an economic system.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how (private) investment in human capital such as health (e.g. immunizations), education (e.g., college), and training of people (e.g., on the job experience), leads to economic growth.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how investment in physical capital (e.g., factories, machinery, new technology) leads to economic growth.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the role of entrepreneurs (e.g., Carnegie, Ford, Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, Vanderbilt) in the free enterprise system.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the function of private business in producing goods and services.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how the interaction between buyers and sellers determines market prices.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain how the (unequal) distribution of income affects public policy and standards of living.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level: Describe the government's investment in human capital

        a) health; b) education; c) training of people.

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the government's investment in physical capital (e.g., NASA, transportation).

      • SS07-S5C2- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the government's role in economic recovery for the individual (e.g., farm subsidy, securities, Social Security, exchange regulations).

    • SS07-S5C3. Concept / Standard: Macroeconomics

      Macroeconomics examines the costs and benefits of economic choices made at a societal level and how those choices affect overall economic well being.

      • SS07-S5C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe the effects of inflation (e.g., higher prices, rising interest rates, less business activity) on society.

      • SS07-S5C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze the effects (e.g., inflation, unemployment) of the Great Depression.

      • SS07-S5C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Analyze the government's role (e.g., FDIC, Securities and Exchange Commission) in national economic recovery.

      • SS07-S5C3- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how scarcity influences the choices (e.g., war time rationing, women in the work force, reallocation of resources) made by governments and businesses.

    • SS07-S5C4. Concept / Standard: Global Economics

      Patterns of global interaction and economic development vary due to different economic systems and institutions that exist throughout the world.

      • SS07-S5C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Explain how voluntary exchange benefits buyers and sellers.

      • SS07-S5C4- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Identify the patterns of economic interaction (e.g., national debt, balance of trade) between countries.

    • SS07-S5C5. Concept / Standard: Personal Finance

      Decision-making skills foster a person's individual standard of living. Using information wisely leads to better informed decisions as consumers, workers, investors and effective participants in society.

      • SS07-S5C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how scarcity influenced the historical times studied.

      • SS07-S5C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how scarcity influences personal financial choices (e.g., buying on-margin, budgeting, saving, investing, credit).

      • SS07-S5C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe how income for most people is determined by the value of the goods and services they sell.

      • SS07-S5C5- Performance Objective / Proficiency Level:

        Describe types of personal investments (e.g., saving accounts, stocks, bonds).

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