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Florida: 2nd-Grade Standards

  • FL.SS.A.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands historical chronology and the historical perspective.

    • SS.A.1.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student compares everyday life in different places and times and understands that people, places, and things change over time.

      • SS.A.1.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows similarities and differences among selected Native American cultures from different regions and times (for example, nomadic groups, agricultural groups, city building, relationship with the environment).

      • SS.A.1.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways technology changes how people in a community live (for example, advances in communication, transportation).

    • SS.A.1.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that history tells the story of people and events of other times and places.

      • SS.A.1.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines understanding that history tells the story of people and events of other times and places.

    • SS.A.1.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows a family history through two or three generations (e.g., customs, beliefs, and traditions of ancestors and their homelands).

      • SS.A.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed at kindergarten and first grade.

    • SS.A.1.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea: The student understands broad categories of time (e.g., past, present, and future

      yesterday, today, and tomorrow) and calendar time (days, weeks, months, and years).

      • SS.A.1.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student applies calendar time to events in school or community (for example, placing school holidays on a calendar).

  • FL.SS.A.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands the world from its beginnings to the time of the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.2.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows methods of communication from long ago and the technological developments that facilitated communications (e.g., speaking by gestures; transmitting stories orally; the use of pictographs, hieroglyphics and different alphabets; writing by hand and printing with machines).

      • SS.A.2.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows various systems of long-distance communication and their effects (for example, runners, the 'talking drums' of Africa, smoke signals of Native Americans, modern electronic communication systems).

    • SS.A.2.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the differences in the methods of travel from various times in human history and the advantages and disadvantages of each (e.g., the use of animals such as horses and camels; non-motorized vehicles such as chariots and travoises).

      • SS.A.2.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows some advantages and disadvantages of different types of transportation (for example, cars are able to move us from place to place quickly, but their engines pollute the atmosphere).

    • SS.A.2.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the significance and historical contributions of historical figures during this period (e.g., the journeys of famous explorers).

      • SS.A.2.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge and understanding of significant aspects of the lives and accomplishments of selected men and women in the historical period before the Renaissance (for example, Marco Polo finding a trade route to the Far East).

  • FL.SS.A.3. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.3.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the accomplishments of major scientists and inventors (e.g., specific scientists and inventors, what they created, and how their creations have influenced society).

      • SS.A.3.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge and understanding of significant aspects of the lives and accomplishments of selected scientists and inventors in the historical period since the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.3.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the daily life, history, and beliefs of a country as reflected in dance, music, or other art forms (e.g., such as paintings, sculptures, and masks).

      • SS.A.3.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows some works of art that reflect the cultural heritage of the community or country (for example, paintings, statues).

    • SS.A.3.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the cultural traditions and contributions of various societies since the Renaissance (e.g., the role of folktales and literature in transmitting cultural beliefs and the holidays and ceremonies of different cultures).

      • SS.A.3.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the role of literature in transmitting the beliefs of different cultures.

      • SS.A.3.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways selected holidays and ceremonies transmit cultural history and beliefs.

  • FL.SS.A.4. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history to 1880.

    • SS.A.4.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant individuals in United States history to 1880 (e.g., revolutionary leaders, individuals important to American democracy, and individuals who fought for human rights, equality, and the common good).

      • SS.A.4.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge of significant aspects of the lives and accomplishments of selected men and women in the period of United States history before 1880.

    • SS.A.4.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows people and events honored in commemorative holidays that originated prior to 1880 (e.g., Columbus Day, Thanksgiving Day, Flag Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Veteran's Day, and President's Day).

      • SS.A.4.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge about people and events prior to 1880 honored in commemorative holidays.

    • SS.A.4.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the history of American symbols (e.g., the eagle, the Liberty Bell, George Washington as the 'father of our country,' and the American flag).

      • SS.A.4.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge and understanding of selected American symbols that have emerged from past events, legends, and historical accounts.

    • SS.A.4.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the changes that occurred in people's lives when they moved from faraway places to the United States.

      • SS.A.4.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the movements of people called migration or immigration.

  • FL.SS.A.5. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history from 1880 to the present day.

    • SS.A.5.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant individuals in United States history since 1880 (e.g., presidents, scientists and inventors, significant women, and people who have worked to achieve equality and improve individual lives).

      • SS.A.5.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge and understanding of significant aspects of the lives and accomplishments of selected men and women, including African Americans and Hispanics, in the historical period of United States history since 1880.

    • SS.A.5.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows why important buildings, statues, and monuments (e.g., the White House, Lincoln Memorial, Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, Angel Island, Mt. Rushmore, and veteran's memorials) are associated with state and national history.

      • SS.A.5.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge and understanding about selected important buildings, statues, and monuments associated with state and national history (for example, Ellis Island, Angel Island, Mt. Rushmore, veteran's memorials).

    • SS.A.5.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows people and events after 1880 that are honored in commemorative holidays (e.g., Martin Luther King, Jr. Day).

      • SS.A.5.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge about people and events after 1880 honored in commemorative holidays.

    • SS.A.5.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands changes in community life over time (e.g., changes in goods and services; changes in architecture and landscape; and changes in jobs, schooling, transportation, communication, religion, and recreation).

      • SS.A.5.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines understanding of changes in community life over time (for example, goods and services, architecture, landscape).

  • FL.SS.B.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the world in spatial terms.

    • SS.B.1.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student determines the absolute and relative location of people, places, and things.

      • SS.B.1.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the locations of the community, city, state, and country on a map and globe.

    • SS.B.1.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student uses simple maps, globes, and other three-dimensional models to identify and locate places.

      • SS.B.1.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows map legends, coordinates, key symbols, and cardinal and intermediate directions to read simple maps.

      • SS.B.1.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the elements of scale, distance, relative location and spatial relationships.

    • SS.B.1.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student identifies physical and human features of places in terms of the four spatial elements (point, line, area, and volume).

      • SS.B.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor: The student knows the similarities and differences among geographic locations, regions, and environments in different parts of the world in terms of the four spatial elements

        point, line, area, volume (for example, location [point], transportation and communication routes [line], regions [area], lakes filled with water [volume]).

    • SS.B.1.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows areas that can be classified as regions.

      • SS.B.1.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows that areas can be classified as regions according to physical criteria (for example, landform regions, soil regions, vegetation regions, climate regions, water basins) and human criteria (political regions, population regions, economic regions, language regions).

  • FL.SS.B.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the interactions of people and the physical environment.

    • SS.B.2.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student identifies some physical and human characteristics of places.

      • SS.B.2.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways climate, location, and physical surroundings affect the way people live (for example, food, clothing, shelter, transportation, recreation).

    • SS.B.2.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how different communities have changed physically and demographically.

      • SS.B.2.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways in which people have modified the physical environment (for example, building roads, clearing land for urban development, mining coal) and the consequences of these modifications.

    • SS.B.2.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows basic needs and how families in the United States and other countries meet them.

      • SS.B.2.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways trade helps families in different places meet their basic needs of clothing, food, and shelter.

    • SS.B.2.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the role that resources play in our daily lives.

      • SS.B.2.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways people can conserve and replenish natural resources.

    • SS.B.2.1.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the modes of transportation used to move people, products, and ideas from place to place, their importance, and their advantages and disadvantages.

      • SS.B.2.1.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines knowledge of the transportation used to move people, products, and ideas from place to place, their importance, and their advantages and disadvantages.

  • FL.SS.C.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the structure, functions, and purpose of government and how the principles and values of American democracy are reflected in American constitutional government.

    • SS.C.1.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how various symbols are used to depict Americans' shared values, principles, and beliefs.

      • SS.C.1.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.4.1.2.3.

    • SS.C.1.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows traditionally patriotic activities and various holidays that reflect the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans.

      • SS.C.1.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.4.1.2.3.

    • SS.C.1.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how and why rules are made and knows that a good rule or law solves a specific problem, is fair, and 'does not go too far.'

      • SS.C.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands there might be consequences for breaking rules.

      • SS.C.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student participates in making class rules.

    • SS.C.1.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student recognizes major elected officials.

      • SS.C.1.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the roles of selected elected officials in their community (for example, mayor, city commissioners, county commissioners).

    • SS.C.1.1.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows examples of authority and power without authority and knows that people in positions of authority have limits on their authority.

      • SS.C.1.1.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows that people in positions of authority have limits on their authority (for example, a crossing guard cannot act as police officer).

    • SS.C.1.1.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that the Constitution is a written document that states that the fundamental purposes of American government are to protect individual rights and promote the common good.

      • SS.C.1.1.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that rights and responsibilities reinforce each other and promote the common good.

      • SS.C.1.1.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows that the United States Constitution is a written document that outlines the rights and responsibilities of all citizens of the country.

  • FL.SS.C.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the role of the citizen in American democracy.

    • SS.C.2.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the qualities of a good citizen (e.g., honesty, courage, and patriotism).

      • SS.C.2.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines understanding of characteristics of good citizenship (for example, belief in the importance of justice, truth, equality, responsibility for the common good).

    • SS.C.2.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows that a responsibility is a duty to do something or not to do something.

      • SS.C.2.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that there are consequences of fulfilling or not fulfilling responsibilities.

    • SS.C.2.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the sources of responsibility, examples of situations involving responsibility, and some of the benefits of fulfilling responsibilities.

      • SS.C.2.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows some benefits of fulfilling responsibilities (for example, praise and approval, increased confidence, self-esteem).

    • SS.C.2.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows that the right to privacy is a personal right guaranteed by the United States Constitution and knows when privacy is expected.

      • SS.C.2.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows that the right to privacy is a personal right guaranteed by the United States Constitution.

      • SS.C.2.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands conflicts over the scopes and limits of privacy (for example, situations in which keeping a secret could be harmful).

  • FL.SS.D.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands how scarcity requires individuals and institutions to make choices about how to use resources.

    • SS.D.1.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how scarcity affects the choices people make in everyday situations.

      • SS.D.1.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways scarcity affects the choices people make in everyday situations.

    • SS.D.1.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the differences among human resources, natural resources, and capital resources and how these resources are used to produce goods and services.

      • SS.D.1.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the differences among human resources (for example, people at work), natural resources (for example, water, soil, ore, wood, oil), and capital (for example, machines, tools) and ways they are used to produce different goods and services.

    • SS.D.1.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the difference between goods and services and between consumers and producers.

      • SS.D.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the difference between goods and services.

      • SS.D.1.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the difference between consumers and producers.

    • SS.D.1.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that when consumers (e.g., individuals, households, businesses, governments, or societies) make economic choices, they must consider the costs incurred and the benefits received.

      • SS.D.1.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows examples of economic choices and what is given up when making a choice.

  • FL.SS.D.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions.

    • SS.D.2.1.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that most people work in jobs in which they produce a few special goods or services.

      • SS.D.2.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows some requirements of various jobs and characteristics of a job well-performed.

      • SS.D.2.1.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that work provides income to purchase goods and services.

    • SS.D.2.1.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the basic concepts of markets and exchanges.

      • SS.D.2.1.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the purpose of markets (for example, sellers compete to sell the same or similar products and buyers have choices).

    • SS.D.2.1.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the basic functions of a bank.

      • SS.D.2.1.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways in which individuals contribute to the functioning of a bank (for example, by investing, saving, borrowing, using services).

    • SS.D.2.1.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that people in different places around the world depend on each other for the exchange of goods and services.

      • SS.D.2.1.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that people in different places around the world depend on each other for the exchange of goods and services.

 
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