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Florida: 8th-Grade Standards

  • FL.SS.A.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands historical chronology and the historical perspective.

    • SS.A.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how patterns, chronology, sequencing (including cause and effect), and the identification of historical periods are influenced by frames of reference.

      • SS.A.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways patterns, chronology, sequencing (including cause and effect), and the identification of historical periods are influenced by frames of reference.

    • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the relative value of primary and secondary sources and uses this information to draw conclusions from historical sources such as data in charts, tables, graphs.

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines ability to analyze and draw conclusions from the events on timelines, charts, tables, and graphs.

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student evaluates sources of information for a purpose (for example, relevance, reliability, accuracy, objectivity).

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways to develop and support a point of view based on a historical event.

    • SS.A.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how to impose temporal structure on historical narratives.

      • SS.A.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.1.3.1.

  • FL.SS.A.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands the world from its beginnings to the time of the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how language, ideas, and institutions of one culture can influence other (e.g., through trade, exploration, and immigration).

      • SS.A.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how major historical developments have had an impact on the development of civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands important technological developments and how they influenced human society.

      • SS.A.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the impact of geographical factors on the historical development of civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant historical leaders who shaped the development of early cultures (e.g., military, political, and religious leaders in various civilizations).

      • SS.A.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major events that shaped the development of various cultures (e.g., the spread of agrarian societies, population movements, technological and cultural innovation, and the emergence of new population centers).

      • SS.A.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth grade.

    • SS.A.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant achievements in art and architecture in various urban areas and communities to the time of the Renaissance (e.g., the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, pyramids in Egypt, temples in ancient Greece, bridges and aqueducts in ancient Rome, changes in European art and architecture between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance).

      • SS.A.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.2.3.8 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the political, social, and economic institutions that characterized the significant aspects of Eastern and Western civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.8 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

  • FL.SS.A.3. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.3.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways in which cultural characteristics have been transmitted from one society to another (e.g., through art, architecture, language, other artifacts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors).

      • SS.A.3.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.3.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the historical events that have shaped the development of cultures throughout the world.

      • SS.A.3.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.3.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how physical and human geographic factors have influenced major historical events and movements.

      • SS.A.3.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.3.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant historical leaders who have influenced the course of events in Eastern and Western civilizations since the Renaissance.

      • SS.A.3.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.A.3.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the differences between institutions of Eastern and Western civilizations (e.g., differences in governments, social traditions and customs, economic systems and religious institutions).

      • SS.A.3.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student compares and contrasts ways Eastern and Western political, economic, and social institutions impact life in the United States.

  • FL.SS.A.4. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history to 1880.

    • SS.A.4.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the factors involved in the development of cities and industries (e.g., religious needs, the need for military protection, the need for a marketplace, changing spatial patterns, and geographical factors for location such as transportation and food supply).

      • SS.A.4.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands factors involved in the development of cities and industries in the United States.

    • SS.A.4.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States (e.g., environmental and climatic influences on settlement of the colonies, the American Revolution, and the Civil War).

      • SS.A.4.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States (for example, environmental and climatic influences on settlement of the colonies, the American Revolution, the Civil War).

    • SS.A.4.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the impact of significant people and ideas on the development of values and traditions in the United States prior to 1880.

      • SS.A.4.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the impact of significant people, events and ideas on the development of the United States (for example, Thomas Jefferson, Manifest Destiny).

    • SS.A.4.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways state and federal policy influenced various Native American tribes (e.g., the Cherokee and Choctaw removals, the loss of Native American homelands, the Black Hawk War, and removal policies in the Old Northwest).

      • SS.A.4.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways state and federal policy influenced various Native American nations throughout United States history (for example, Cherokee and Choctaw removals, loss of Native American homelands, Black Hawk War, removal policies in the Old Northwest).

  • FL.SS.A.5. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history from 1880 to the present day.

    • SS.A.5.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States since 1880 (e.g., Western settlement, immigration patterns, and urbanization).

      • SS.A.5.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States since 1880 (for example, western settlement, immigration patterns, urbanization).

    • SS.A.5.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways that significant individuals and events influenced economic, social, and political systems in the United States after 1880.

      • SS.A.5.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the impact of significant people, events, and ideas on the development of the United States after 1880 (for example, Andrew Carnegie, Martin Luther King, the Great Depression, isolationism).

    • SS.A.5.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the causes and consequences of urbanization that occurred in the United States after 1880 (e.g., causes such as industrialization; consequences such as poor living conditions in cities and employment conditions).

      • SS.A.5.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the causes and consequences of urbanization that occurred in the United States after 1880 (for example, industrialization; consequences such as poor living conditions in cities, health and safety aspects of working conditions).

  • FL.SS.A.6. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands the history of Florida and its people.

    • SS.A.6.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how immigration and settlement patterns have shaped the history of Florida.

      • SS.A.6.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways immigration and settlement patterns have shaped the history of Florida (for example, early Spanish settlements, influx of retirees, Cuban refugees into South Florida).

    • SS.A.6.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the unique geographic and demographic characteristics that define Florida as a region.

      • SS.A.6.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows characteristics of Florida's growing and diverse population centers (for example, Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, Tampa).

      • SS.A.6.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows unique geographic and demographic characteristics that define Florida as a region (for example, the Everglades, Latin American influence in South Florida).

    • SS.A.6.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how the environment of Florida has been modified by the values, traditions, and actions of various groups who have inhabited the state.

      • SS.A.6.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways the environment of Florida has been modified by the values, traditions, and actions of various groups who have inhabited the state (for example, degradation of the Everglades).

    • SS.A.6.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how the interactions of societies and cultures have influenced Florida's history.

      • SS.A.6.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways the interactions of societies and cultures have influenced Florida's history (for example, early Spanish missions converting Native Americans to Christianity).

    • SS.A.6.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how Florida has allocated and used resources and the consequences of those economic decisions.

      • SS.A.6.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways Florida has allocated and used resources and the consequences of those economic decisions (for example, the development of transportation systems such as state and county highways. Preference for tourism over heavy industry leading to a service economy).

  • FL.SS.B.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the world in spatial terms.

    • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student uses various map forms (including thematic maps) and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report geographic information including patterns of land use, connections between places, and patterns and processes of migration and diffusion.

      • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines use of various map forms and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report geographic information about the United States (for example, tracing the Oregon Trail).

    • SS.B.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student uses mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments.

      • SS.B.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student extends and refines ability to use mental maps of the United States and Florida (for example, from memory identifies the three largest population centers and their general location).

    • SS.B.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the social, political, and economic divisions on Earth's surface.

      • SS.B.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways the social, political, and economic divisions of the United States have changed over time (for example, the growth in the number of states).

    • SS.B.1.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways factors such as culture and technology influence the perception of places and regions.

      • SS.B.1.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.1.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows ways in which the spatial organization of a society changes over time.

      • SS.B.1.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.1.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways in which regional systems are interconnected.

      • SS.B.1.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.1.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the spatial aspects of communication and transportation systems.

      • SS.B.1.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

  • FL.SS.B.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the interactions of people and the physical environment.

    • SS.B.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the patterns and processes of migration and diffusion throughout the world.

      • SS.B.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows examples of migration and cultural diffusion in United States history.

    • SS.B.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the human and physical characteristics of different places in the world and how these characteristics change over time.

      • SS.B.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.

      • SS.B.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the landscape and society change as a consequence of shifting from a dispersed to a concentrated settlement form.

      • SS.B.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.4.3.1.

    • SS.B.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the geographical factors that affect the cohesiveness and integration of countries.

      • SS.B.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment in various world locations.

      • SS.B.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how various human systems throughout the world have developed in response to conditions in the physical environment.

      • SS.B.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.8 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows world patterns of resource distribution and utilization.

      • SS.B.2.3.8 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.B.2.3.9 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the interaction between physical and human systems affects current conditions on Earth.

      • SS.B.2.3.9 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

  • FL.SS.C.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the structure, functions, and purpose of government and how the principles and values of American democracy are reflected in American constitutional government.

    • SS.C.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, and other writings.

      • SS.C.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, and other writings.

    • SS.C.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands major ideas about why government is necessary and the purposes government should serve.

      • SS.C.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands major ideas about why government is necessary and the purposes government should serve.

    • SS.C.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share power and responsibilities (e.g., each branch has varying degrees of legislative, executive, and judicial powers and responsibilities).

      • SS.C.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share power and responsibilities (for example, each branch has varying degrees of legislative, executive, and judicial powers and responsibilities).

    • SS.C.1.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major parts of the federal system including the national government, state governments, and other governmental units (e.g., District of Columbia, American tribal governments, and the Virgin Islands).

      • SS.C.1.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the major parts of the federal system including the national government, state governments, and other governmental units (for example, District of Columbia, American tribal governments, the Virgin Islands).

    • SS.C.1.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major responsibilities of his or her state and local governments and understands the organization of his or her state and local governments.

      • SS.C.1.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the major responsibilities and understands the organization of Florida's state and local governments.

    • SS.C.1.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the importance of the rule of law in establishing limits on both those who govern and the governed, protecting individual rights, and promoting the common good.

      • SS.C.1.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the importance of the rule of law in establishing limits on both those who govern and the governed, protecting individual rights, and promoting the common good (for example, government in the sunshine law, limits on campaign contributions).

  • FL.SS.C.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the role of the citizen in American democracy.

    • SS.C.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the history of the rights, liberties, and obligations of citizenship in the United States.

      • SS.C.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the history of the rights, liberties, and obligations of citizenship in the United States (for example, rights and liberties outlined in the Bill of Rights, serving on jury duty).

    • SS.C.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that citizenship is legally recognized full membership in a self-governing community that confers equal rights under the law; is not dependent on inherited, involuntary groupings; and confers certain rights and privileges (e.g., the right to vote, to hold public office, and to serve on juries).

      • SS.C.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that citizenship is legally recognized full membership in a self-governing community that confers equal rights under the law; is not dependent on inherited, involuntary groupings; and confers certain rights and privileges (for example, the right to vote, to hold public office, to serve on juries).

    • SS.C.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the argument that all rights have limits and knows the criteria commonly used in determining when and why limits should be placed on rights (e.g., whether a clear and present danger exists and whether national security is at risk).

      • SS.C.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the argument that all rights have limits and knows the criteria commonly used in determining when and why limits should be placed on rights (for example, whether a clear and present danger exists and whether national security is at risk).

    • SS.C.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands what constitutes personal, political, and economic rights and the major documentary sources of these rights.

      • SS.C.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.C.1.3.1.

    • SS.C.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways he or she can contact his or her representatives and why it is important to do so and knows which level of government he or she should contact to express his or her opinions or to get help on a specific problem.

      • SS.C.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways to contact government representatives and why it is important to do so (for example, knows which level of government to contact to express opinions or to get help on a specific problem).

    • SS.C.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the importance of participation in community service, civic improvement, and political activities.

      • SS.C.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the importance of participation in community service, civic improvement, and political activities (for example, becoming informed about qualifications of candidates).

    • SS.C.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands current issues involving rights that affect local, national, or international political, social, and economic systems.

      • SS.C.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways current issues affect political, social, and economic systems in the United States.

  • FL.SS.D.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands ways scarcity requires individuals and institutions to make choices about how to use resources.

    • SS.D.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the options and resources that are available for consumer protection.

      • SS.D.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows options and resources available for consumer protection (for example, consumer protection agencies, newspaper consumer hotlines).

    • SS.D.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the advantages and disadvantages of various kinds of credit (e.g., credit cards, bank loans, or financing with no payment for 6 months).

      • SS.D.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands advantages and disadvantages of various kinds of credit (for example, credit cards, bank loans, financing with no payment for 6 months).

    • SS.D.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the variety of factors necessary to consider when making wise consumer decisions.

      • SS.D.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands a variety of factors to consider when making wise consumer decisions (for example, cost, performance, reliability).

  • FL.SS.D.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions.

    • SS.D.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways production and distribution decisions are determined in the United States economy and how these decisions compare to those made in market, tradition-based, command, and mixed economic systems.

      • SS.D.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in sixth and seventh grades.

    • SS.D.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea: The student understands that relative prices and how they affect people's decisions are the means by which a market system provides answers to the three basic economic questions

      What goods and services will be produced? How will they be produced? Who will buy them?

      • SS.D.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student analyzes the impact of economic decisions in the United States (What goods and services will be produced? How will they be produced? Who will buy them?).

    • SS.D.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the various kinds of specialized institutions that exist in market economies (e.g., corporations, labor unions, banks, and the stock market).

      • SS.D.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows the various kinds of specialized institutions that exist in market economies (for example, corporations, labor unions, banks, stock markets).

 
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