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Hawaii: 8th-Grade Standards

  • HI.SS.8.1. Content Standard / Course: Historical Understanding CHANGE, CONTINUITY, AND CAUSALITY-Understand change and/or continuity and cause and/or effect in history
    • SS.8.1.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: There are no benchmarks for this standard for this Grade/Course.
  • HI.SS.8.2. Content Standard / Course: Historical Understanding INQUIRY, EMPATHY AND PERSPECTIVE-Use the tools and methods of inquiry, perspective, and empathy to explain historical events with multiple interpretations and judge the past on its own terms
    • SS.8.2.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Historical Sources Differentiate between primary and secondary sources, understanding the potential and limitations of each
    • SS.8.2.2. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Historical Perspectives and Interpretations Describe why different people may have different perspectives of the same historical event and multiple interpretations should be considered in order to avoid historical linearity and inevitability
  • HI.SS.8.3. Content Standard / Course: History UNITED STATES HISTORY-Understand important historical events in the Post-Revolutionary war through Reconstruction era (including second great awakening and westward expansion)
    • SS.8.3.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: The Constitution Explain the problems of the national government under the Articles of Confederation that led to the Constitutional Convention of 1787
    • SS.8.3.2. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: The Constitution Describe the controversies (including large states versus small states and slavery) and the compromises that resolved them (including the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise) at the Constitutional Convention
    • SS.8.3.3. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: The Constitution Describe the ideas and principles (including checks and balances, separation of powers, representative democracy) of the Constitution
    • SS.8.3.4. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: The Constitution Explain the controversies over the ratification of the Constitution
    • SS.8.3.5. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Early American Society Explain how the Bill of Rights places limitations on the federal government
    • SS.8.3.6. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Early Government of The United States Describe the emergence of the two party system (including Washington's farewell address and the election of 1800)
    • SS.8.3.7. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Early Government of The United States Describe significant events and changes associated with Andrew Jackson's presidency (including Jackson's stance on Indian removal issues and Jacksonian democracy)
    • SS.8.3.8. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Early American Society Examine the impact of the Seneca Falls Convention and major abolitionists, including Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison
    • SS.8.3.9. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Early American Society Describe how the development of technology in the first half of the 19th century had an impact on American life
    • SS.8.3.10. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Westward Expansion Examine how and why the United States became a continental nation through westward expansion
    • SS.8.3.11. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Antebellum America Explain the sectionalism that emerged in the first half of the 19th century
    • SS.8.3.12. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Civil War Explain how the key issues and events after the Mexican War relate to the outbreak of the Civil War
    • SS.8.3.13. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Civil War Explain the major factors that determined the outcome of the Civil War (including leaders, resources, and key battles)
    • SS.8.3.14. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Reconstruction Analyze the Reconstruction plan of President Lincoln and that of the congressional Republicans
    • SS.8.3.15. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Reconstruction Explain the impact of the Civil War on African Americans
  • HI.SS.8.4. Content Standard / Course: Political Science/Civics GOVERNANCE, DEMOCRACY, AND INTERACTION-Understand the purpose and historical impact of political institutions, the principles and values of American constitutional democracy, and the similarities and differences in government across cultural perspectives
    • SS.8.4.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Governance, Power and Authority Describe the purpose and structures of the three branches of the federal government
    • SS.8.4.2. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Global Cooperation, Conflict, and Interdependence Explain United States foreign policy as reflected in the Monroe Doctrine
    • SS.8.4.3. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Global Cooperation, Conflict, and Interdependence Describe the influences of America on other nations and/or organizations and vice versa (including French and Spanish interests at the start of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the impact of the Indian removals)
  • HI.SS.8.5. Content Standard / Course: Political Science/Civics PARTICIPATION AND CITIZENSHIP-Understand roles, rights (personal, economic, political), and responsibilities of American citizens and exercise them in civic action
    • SS.8.5.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Citizenship and Participation Explain the responsibilities of citizens in a representative democracy
  • HI.SS.8.6. Content Standard / Course: Cultural Anthropology SYSTEMS, DYNAMICS, AND INQUIRY-Understand culture as a system of beliefs, knowledge, and practices shared by a group and understand how cultural systems change over time
    • SS.8.6.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: There are no benchmarks for this standard for this Grade/Course.
  • HI.SS.8.7. Content Standard / Course: Geography WORLD IN SPATIAL TERMS-Use geographic representations to organize, analyze, and present information on people, places, and environments and understand the nature and interaction of geographic regions and societies around the world
    • SS.8.7.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: There are no benchmarks for this standard for this Grade/Course.
  • HI.SS.8.8. Content Standard / Course: Economics RESOURCES, MARKETS, AND GOVERNMENT-Understand economic concepts and the characteristics of various economic systems
    • SS.8.8.1. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Limited Resources and Choice Explain productivity in terms of output per worker, hour, machine, or unit of land, and its effects on standards of living in 18th and/or 19th century America
    • SS.8.8.2. Content Standard / Performance Indicator: Role and Function of Markets Describe the factors that influence production and consumption decisions in a market system
 
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