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South Carolina's Sixth Grade Standards

  • SC.6-1. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of the cradles of civilization as people moved from a nomadic existence to a settled life.

    • 6-1.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the characteristics of hunter-gatherer groups and their relationship to the natural environment.

    • 6-1.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the emergence of agriculture and its effect on early human communities, including the domestication of plants and animals, the impact of irrigation techniques, and subsequent food surpluses.

    • 6-1.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the river valley civilizations of the Tigris and Euphrates (Mesopotamia), the Nile (Egypt), the Indus (India), and the Huang He (China), including the evolution of written language, government, trade systems, architecture, and forms of social order.

    • 6-1.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the origins, fundamental beliefs, and spread of Eastern religions, including Hinduism (India), Judaism (Mesopotamia), Buddhism (India), and Confucianism and Taoism (China).

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      2. Interpret parallel time lines from different places and cultures.
      3. Identify and explain multiple causation and multiple effects.
      4. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
  • SC.6-2. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of life in ancient civilizations and their contributions to the modern world.

    • 6-2.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Describe the development of ancient Greek culture (the Hellenic period), including the concept of citizenship and the early forms of democracy in Athens.

    • 6-2.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the role of Alexander the Great (Hellenistic period), Socrates, Plato, Archimedes, Aristotle, and others in the creation and spread of Greek governance, literature, philosophy, the arts, math, and science.

    • 6-2.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Describe the development of Roman civilization, including language, government, architecture, and engineering.

    • 6-2.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Describe the expansion and transition of the Roman government from monarchy to republic to empire, including the roles of Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar (Octavius).

    • 6-2.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the decline and collapse of the Roman Empire and the impact of the Byzantine Empire, including the Justinian Code and the preservation of ancient Greek and Roman learning, architecture, and government.

    • 6-2.6. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the polytheistic belief systems of the Greeks and the Romans with the origins, foundational beliefs, and spread of Christianity.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      2. Interpret parallel time lines from different places and cultures.
      3. Identify and explain multiple causation and multiple effects.
      4. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      5. Explain how political, social, and economic institutions are similar or different across time and/or throughout the world.
  • SC.6-3. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of changing political, social, and economic cultures in Asia.

    • 6-3.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the major contributions of the Chinese civilization from the Qing dynasty through the Ming dynasty, including the golden age of art and literature, the invention of gunpowder and woodblock printing, and the rise of trade via the Silk Road.

    • 6-3.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the major contributions of the Japanese civilization, including the Japanese feudal system, the Shinto traditions, and works of art and literature.

    • 6-3.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the major contributions of India, including those of the Gupta dynasty in mathematics, literature, religion, and science.

    • 6-3.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the origin and fundamental beliefs of Islam and the geographic and economic aspects of its expansion.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      2. Interpret parallel time lines from different places and cultures.
      3. Identify and explain multiple causation and multiple effects.
      4. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      5. Explain how political, social, and economic institutions are similar or different across time and/or throughout the world.
  • SC.6-4. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the changing political, social, and economic cultures in Africa and the Americas.

    • 6-4.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the major contributions of the African civilizations of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, including the impact of Islam on the cultures of these kingdoms.

    • 6-4.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Describe the influence of geography on trade in the African kingdoms, including the salt and gold trades.

    • 6-4.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the contributions and the decline of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations in Central and South America, including their forms of government and their contributions in mathematics, astronomy, and architecture.

    • 6-4.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the contributions, features, and rise and fall of the North American ancestors of the numerous Native American tribes, including the Adena, Hopewell, Pueblo, and Mississippian cultures.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      2. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      3. Interpret parallel time lines from different places and cultures.
      4. Select or design appropriate forms of social studies resources(6-4) to organize and evaluate social studies information.
      (6-4)Social studies resources include the following: texts, calendars, timelines, maps, mental maps, charts, tables, graphs, flow charts, diagrams, photographs, illustrations, paintings, cartoons, architectural drawings, documents, letters, censuses, artifacts, models, geographic models, aerial photographs, satellite-produced images, and geographic information systems.
  • SC.6-5. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the Middle Ages and the emergence of nation-states in Europe.

    • 6-5.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain feudalism and its relationship to the development of European monarchies and nation-states, including feudal relationships, the daily lives of peasants and serfs, and the economy under the manorial system.

    • 6-5.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the effects of the Magna Carta on European society, its effect on the feudal system, and its contribution to the development of representative government in England.

    • 6-5.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the course of the Crusades and explain their effects on feudalism and their role in spreading Christianity.

    • 6-5.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the role and influence of the Roman Catholic Church in medieval Europe.

    • 6-5.5 Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the origins and impact of the bubonic plague (Black Death) on feudalism.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      2. Analyze evidence, arguments, claims, and beliefs.
      3. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      4. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
  • SC.6-6. Standard / Course: Early Cultures to 1600

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the impact of the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the Age of Exploration on Europe and the rest of the world.

    • 6-6.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the contributions of the Italian Renaissance, including the importance of Florence, the influence of humanism and the accomplishments of the Italians in art, music, literature, and architecture.

    • 6-6.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Identify key figures of the Renaissance and the Reformation and their contributions (e.g., Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Johannes Gutenberg, John Calvin, and Martin Luther).

    • 6-6.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the causes, events, and points of contention and denominational affiliations (of nations) of the Reformation and the Catholic Reformation (Counter Reformation).

    • 6-6.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the economic, political, and religious incentives of the various European countries to explore and settle new lands.

    • 6-6.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Identify the origin and destinations of the voyages of major European explorers.

    • 6-6.6. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the effects of the exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technology throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas (known as the Columbian Exchange).

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      2. Analyze evidence, arguments, claims, and beliefs.
      3. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      4. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
      5. Apply economic decision making to understand how limited resources necessitate choices.
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