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Tennessee's Fifth Grade Standards

  • TN.5.1. Content Standard: Culture

    Culture encompasses similarities and differences among people including their beliefs, knowledge, changes, values, and traditions. Students will explore these elements of society to develop an appreciation and respect for the variety of human cultures.

    • 5.1.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the diversity of human cultures.

      • 5.1.01.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how some immigrants preserved their traditional culture and created a new American culture.

      • 5.1.01.b. Benchmark:

        Explain governmental efforts to restrict immigrants entering into the United States.

    • 5.1.02. Learning Expectation:

      Discuss cultures and human patterns of places and regions of the world.

      • 5.1.02.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how art, music, and literature reflected the times during which they were created.

      • 5.1.02.b. Benchmark:

        Give examples and describe the importance of cultural unity and diversity within and across groups.

    • 5.1.03. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize the contributions of individuals and people of various ethnic, racial, religious, and socioeconomic groups to the development of civilizations.

      • 5.0.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify significant examples of art, music, and literature from various periods in United States history.

      • 5.0.03.b. Benchmark:

        Describe how language, stories, folktales, music, and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence behavior of people living in a particular culture.

      • 5.1.03.c. Benchmark:

        Summarize the contributions of people of selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups to our national liberty.

    • 5.1.04. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the contributions of individuals and people of various ethnic, racial, religious, and socioeconomic groups to Tennessee.

      • 5.1.04.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the similarities and differences within and among selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups in Tennessee.

      • 5.1.04.b. Benchmark:

        Describe customs, celebrations, and traditions of selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups in Tennessee.

  • TN.5.2. Content Standard: Economics

    Globalization of the economy, the explosion of population growth, technological changes and international competition compel students to understand both personally and globally production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Students will examine and analyze economic concepts such as basic needs versus wants, using versus saving money, and policy making versus decision making.

    • 5.2.01. Learning Expectation:

      Describe the potential costs and benefits of personal economic choices in a market economy.

      • 5.2.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the economic change from agricultural to industrial in late 19th and early 20th century.

      • 5.2.01.b. Benchmark:

        Describe economic issues of the 1920's and 1930's.

      • 5.2.01.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how the American economy changed after World War II.

    • 5.2.02. Learning Expectation:

      Give examples of the interaction of individuals, businesses, and governments in a market economy.

      • 5.2.02.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the development of the free enterprise system in Tennessee and the United States.

      • 5.2.02.b. Benchmark:

        Analyze the effects of immigrations, migration, and limited resources on the economic development and growth of the United States.

      • 5.2.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the impact of American ideas about progress and equality of opportunity on the economic development and growth of the United States.

    • 5.2.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand fundamental economic concepts.

      • 5.2.03.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how supply and demand affects production and consumption in the United States.

      • 5.2.03.b. Benchmark:

        Give examples of the benefits of the free enterprise system in the United States.

    • 5.2.04. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the patterns and results of international trade.

      • 5.2.04.a. Benchmark:

        Describe global economic interdependence after World War II.

      • 5.2.04.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how the United States and Tennessee meet some of their needs through the purchase of domestic and international products domestically and internationally in today's global economy.

      • 5.2.04.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the impact of mass production, specialization, and division of labor on the economic growth of the United States and other regions of the world.

    • 5.2.05. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the interaction of individuals, families, communities, businesses, and governments of Tennessee and the United States in a market economy.

      • 5.2.05.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how people historically and presently earn their living in different regions of the United States and Tennessee.

      • 5.2.05.b. Benchmark:

        Analyze how developments in transportation communication influenced economic activities in Tennessee.

      • 5.2.05.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how geographic factors influence the location of economic activities in Tennessee.

      • 5.2.05.d. Benchmark:

        Analyze the effects of immigration, migration, and limited resources on the economic development and growth of Tennessee and the United States.

  • TN.5.3. Content Standard: Geography

    Geography enables the students to see, understand and appreciate the web of relationships between people, places, and environments. Students will use the knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts within the six essential elements of geography: world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, environment and society, and the uses of geography.

    • 5.3.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how to use maps, globes, and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process and report information from a spatial perspective.

      • 5.3.01.a. Benchmark:

        Locate the major physical features and cities of the United States on a map or globe.

      • 5.3.01.b. Benchmark:

        Understand the latitude, longitude, the global grid and time zones of the sites within the United States and Tennessee.

      • 5.3.01.c. Benchmark:

        Recognize landforms, climate, and natural resources as determining factors in the location and development of communities.

    • 5.3.02. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize the interaction between human and physical systems around the world.

      • 5.3.02.a. Benchmark:

        Describe human settlement patterns and land use in the United States and Tennessee.

      • 5.3.02.b. Benchmark:

        Explain human modifications of the physical environment.

      • 5.3.02.c. Benchmark:

        Recognize the impact of extreme natural events on human history.

    • 5.3.03. Learning Expectation:

      Demonstrate how to identify and locate major physical and political features on globes and maps.

      • 5.3.03.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize population characteristics of Tennessee and the United States.

      • 5.3.03.b. Benchmark:

        Identify and locate the geographical regions of the United States.

      • 5.3.03.c. Benchmark:

        Explore ways technological advances enabled people to overcome geographic barriers.

  • TN.5.4. Content Standard: Governance and Civics

    Governance establishes structures of power and authority in order to provide order and stability. Civic efficacy requires understanding rights and responsibilities, ethical behavior, and the role of citizens within their community, nation, and world.

    • 5.4.01. Learning Expectation:

      Discuss the structure and purposes of governance.

      • 5.4.01.a. Benchmark:

        Describe important individual rights including freedom of religion, speech, and press and the rights to assemble and petition the government.

      • 5.4.01.b. Benchmark:

        Describe important due process rights including trial by jury and the right to an attorney.

      • 5.4.01.c. Benchmark:

        Identify and compare leadership qualities of national leaders, past and present.

      • 5.4.01.d. Benchmark:

        Recognize that a variety of formal and informal actors influence and shape public policy.

    • 5.4.02. Learning Expectation:

      Describe the Constitution of the United States and the Tennessee State Constitution in principle and practice.

      • 5.4.02.a. Benchmark:

        Explain the purposes of the United States Constitution as identified in the Preamble to the Constitution.

      • 5.4.02.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the reasons for and describe the systems of checks and balances outlined in the United States Constitution.

      • 5.4.02.c. Benchmark:

        Summarize the reasons for the creation of the Bill of Rights.

      • 5.4.02.d. Benchmark:

        Summarize selected amendments to the Constitution such as those extending voting rights of United States citizens.

      • 5.4.02.e. Benchmark:

        Analyze the post-Civil War amendments to the United States Constitution.

    • 5.4.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the rights, responsibilities, and privileges of citizens living in a democratic republic.

      • 5.4.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify examples of rights and responsibilities of citizens.

      • 5.4.03.b. Benchmark:

        Examine the influence of public opinion on personal decision-making and government policy on public issues.

      • 5.4.03.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how public policies and citizen behaviors may or may not reflect the stated ideals of a democratic republican form of government.

      • 5.4.03.d. Benchmark:

        Explain how to contact elected and appointed leaders in state and local governments.

      • 5.4.03.e. Benchmark:

        Identify key ideals of the United States' democratic republican form of government such as individual human dignity, liberty, justice, equality, and the rule of law, and discuss their application in specific situations.

    • 5.4.04. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize how Americans incorporate the principles of the Constitution into their lives.

      • 5.4.04.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize and interpret how the 'common good' can be strengthened through various forms of citizen action.

      • 5.4.04.b. Benchmark:

        Use knowledge of facts and concepts drawn from history, along with elements of historical inquiry to inform decision making about and action taking on public issues.

      • 5.4.04.c. Benchmark:

        Explain selected patriotic symbols and landmarks such as the Statue of Liberty, the White House, and political symbols such as the donkey and the elephant.

    • 5.4.05. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the relationship between local, state, and national government.

      • 5.4.05.a. Benchmark:

        Describe how public policies are used to address issues of public concern.

      • 5.4.05.b. Benchmark:

        Distinguish between national and state governments and compare their responsibilities in the United States federal system.

      • 5.4.05.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how individuals can participate in civic affairs and political parties at the national level.

      • 5.4.05.d. Benchmark:

        Identify leaders in the national governments, including the president and selected members of Congress, and their political parties and describe how they are elected.

  • TN.5.5. Content Standard: History

    History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

    • 5.5.01. Learning Expectation: Era 5 -Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)

      Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.

      • 5.5.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the locations of the southern and northern states.

      • 5.5.01.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the advantages and disadvantages of northern and southern economic resources.

      • 5.5.01.c. Benchmark:

        Identify similar and different northern and southern social and cultural customs.

      • 5.5.01.d. Benchmark:

        Identify sectional interests that led to the Civil War.

      • 5.5.01.e. Benchmark:

        Describe the role of Tennessee in the Civil War.

      • 5.5.01.f. Benchmark:

        Chart the course of major events throughout the Civil War.

    • 5.5.02. Learning Expectation: Era 5 -Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)

      Understand the plans and policies for Reconstruction and subsequent successes and failures.

      • 5.5.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify components of the various plans for Reconstruction.

      • 5.5.02.b. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction plans.

      • 5.5.02.c. Benchmark:

        Decide the reasons for successes and failures of the various plans.

      • 5.5.02.d. Benchmark:

        Assess th4 lasting impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction.

    • 5.5.03. Learning Expectation: Era 6 -The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

      Understand the development of Industrial America.

      • 5.5.03.a. Benchmark:

        Analyze the effects of immigration, migration, and resources on the economic development and growth of the United States.

      • 5.5.03.b. Benchmark:

        Identify individual leaders of business and industry.

      • 5.5.03.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how industry and mechanization changed ways of life in America and Tennessee.

      • 5.5.03.d. Benchmark:

        Understand the rise of the American labor movement.

    • 5.5.04. Learning Expectation: Era 6 -The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

      Understand the acquisition of territory to the United States.

      • 5.5.04.a. Benchmark:

        Describe how armed conflict, purchases, treaties, and land settlement resulted in further American expansion.

      • 5.5.04.b. Benchmark:

        Assess the resistance of various groups to United States expansion.

      • 5.5.04.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the people, lifestyles, and liberties in the American West.

      • 5.5.04.d. Benchmark:

        Trace the growth and necessity of the Chinese in the American West.

    • 5.5.05. Learning Expectation: Era 7 -The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

      Discuss how various groups addressed the problems of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and political corruption.

      • 5.5.05.a. Benchmark:

        Identify various Progressive reform efforts and their leaders.

      • 5.5.05.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how rural areas and urban centers changed as a result of immigration and migration.

    • 5.5.06. Learning Expectation: Era 7 -The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

      Understand the changing role of the United States in world affairs.

      • 5.5.06.a. Benchmark:

        Identify areas in the world where the United States participated in diplomatic affairs and armed conflict.

      • 5.5.06.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the causes of the Spanish American War and World War I.

      • 5.5.06.c. Benchmark:

        Identify contributions of Tennessee natives such as Alvin York and Ida B. Wells.

    • 5.5.07. Learning Expectation: Era 7 -The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

      Understand the changing role of the United States between World War I and the Great Depression.

      • 5.5.07.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how American life changed dramatically due to the economy, technology, and ecological disasters.

      • 5.5.07.b. Benchmark:

        Describe American life in the 1920's including the impact of Constitutional amendments.

      • 5.5.07.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the significance of the Harlem Renaissance.

      • 5.5.07.d. Benchmark:

        Explain Tennessee's role in the women's suffrage movement.

    • 5.5.08. Learning Expectation: Era 8 -The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)

      Understand society in America during the Great Depression.

      • 5.5.08.a. Benchmark:

        Explain the events that led to the Great Depression.

      • 5.5.08.b. Benchmark:

        Describe how the Great Depression affected American society as a whole.

      • 5.5.08.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how Americans addressed the social and economic problems brought on by the Great Depression.

      • 5.5.08.d. Benchmark:

        Describe how the Tennessee Valley Authority impacted life in Tennessee.

    • 5.5.09. Learning Expectation: Era 8 -The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)

      Understand America's role during World War II.

      • 5.5.09.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the political and economic events that led to World War II.

      • 5.5.09.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the significance of Pearl Harbor, D-Day, and Hiroshima.

      • 5.5.09.c. Benchmark:

        Identify Tennessee's involvement and the contributions of Tennessee natives such as Cordell Hull to the war effort.

      • 5.5.09.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the political and economic effects of World War II on Europe and the United States.

      • 5.5.09.e. Benchmark:

        Explain the social effects of World War II on American life.

      • 5.5.09.f. Benchmark:

        Describe Japanese American internment and its conflict with American ideals.

    • 5.5.10. Learning Expectation: Era 9 -Postwar United States (1945-1970's)

      Understand the economic growth and social transformation of post WWII.

      • 5.5.10.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how the American economy changed after World War II.

      • 5.5.10.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the influences of World War II on American society.

    • 5.5.11. Learning Expectation: Era 9 -Postwar United States (1945-1970's)

      Understand how the Cold War influenced domestic and international politics.

      • 5.5.11.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the role United Nations in international affairs.

      • 5.5.11.b. Benchmark:

        Explain United States' involvement in Korea and Vietnam.

      • 5.5.11.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the Soviet and American relationship during the Cold War.

    • 5.5.12. Learning Expectation: Era 9 -Postwar United States (1945-1970's)

      Understand domestic policies in the post World War II period.

      • 5.5.12.a. Benchmark:

        Identify major political events of the presidential administrations during the Cold War.

      • 5.5.12.b. Benchmark:

        Explain why the United States became involved in the space race.

      • 5.5.12.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the struggle for racial and gender equality.

      • 5.5.12.d. Benchmark:

        Explain Brown V. Board of Education and its importance of to the Civil Rights Movement.

      • 5.5.12.e. Benchmark:

        Explain the contributions of Civil Rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Caesar Chavez.

      • 5.5.12.f. Benchmark:

        Describe Tennessee's involvement during the Civil Rights movement.

    • 5.5.13. Learning Expectation: Era 10 -Contemporary United States (1968 to the present)

      Understand developments in foreign policy and domestic policies between the Nixon and Clinton presidencies.

      • 5.5.13.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how Watergate impacted the Nixon administration and Americans.

      • 5.5.13.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the changing relationships between the United States and foreign countries.

      • 5.5.13.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the significance of the Iran crisis.

      • 5.5.13.d. Benchmark:

        Describe political and geographic changes in Europe following the fall of the Soviet Union.

      • 5.5.13.e. Benchmark:

        Describe the growing impact of the media on public opinion.

    • 5.5.14. Learning Expectation: Era 10 -Contemporary United States (1968 to the present)

      Understand economic, social, and cultural developments in the contemporary United States.

      • 5.5.14.a. Benchmark:

        Explain the effect of the computer on contemporary life in America.

      • 5.5.14.b. Benchmark:

        Describe global environmental issues.

      • 5.5.14.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the contributions of Tennesseeans to the arts.

  • TN.5.6. Content Standard: Individuals, Groups, and Interactions

    Personal development and identity are shaped by factors including culture, groups, and institutions. Central to this development are exploration, identification, and analysis of how individuals, and groups work independently and cooperatively.

    • 5.6.01. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize the impact of individual and group decisions on citizens and communities in a democratic republic.

      • 5.6.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify and describe examples of tension between an individual's beliefs, government policies, and laws.

      • 5.6.01.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the accomplishments of notables who have made contributions to society in the areas of civil rights, women's rights, military actions, and politics.

      • 5.6.01.c. Benchmark:

        Identify and describe factors that either contribute to cooperation or cause disputes within and among groups and actions.

    • 5.6.02. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how groups can create change at the local, state, and national level.

      • 5.6.02.a. Benchmark:

        Give examples of the role of institutions in furthering both continuity and change.

      • 5.6.02.b. Benchmark:

        Identify examples of institutions and describe the interactions of people with institutions.

      • 5.6.02.c. Benchmark:

        Analyze the role of individuals and groups in elections.