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Tennessee's Seventh Grade Standards

  • TN.7.1. Content Standard: Culture

    Culture encompasses similarities and differences among people including their beliefs, knowledge, changes, values, and traditions. Students will explore these elements of society to develop an appreciation and respect for the variety of human cultures.

    • 7.1.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the complex nature of culture.

      • 7.1.01.a. Benchmark:

        Define the basic components of culture.

      • 7.1.01.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how people living in the same region maintain different ways of life.

      • 7.1.01.c. Benchmark:

        Identify how communities locally, regionally, and globally reflect the cultural background of their inhabitants.

      • 7.1.01.d. Benchmark:

        Analyze the role of cultural diffusion and interactions among Earth's human systems in the ongoing development of Earth's cultural landscapes.

      • 7.1.01.e. Benchmark:

        Identify and describe the location of major cultural attributes such as language, religion, political systems, economic systems, and population centers locally, regionally, and globally.

    • 7.1.02. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize the role of major religions.

      • 7.1.02.a. Benchmark:

        Define religion.

      • 7.1.02.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the beliefs of the world's major religions.

      • 7.1.02.c. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the role of religious beliefs on local, regional, nation-state, and global levels.

    • 7.1.03. Learning Expectation:

      Appreciate the relationship between physical environments and culture.

      • 7.1.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify characteristics of a physical environment that contribute to the growth and development of a culture.

      • 7.1.03.b. Benchmark:

        Compare how cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.

      • 7.1.03.c. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the effect of technology on various cultures.

    • 7.1.04. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how cultural perspective impacts perceptions of places and regions.

      • 7.1.04.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how information and experiences may be interpreted differently from people of diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference.

      • 7.1.04.b. Benchmark:

        Describe how language, art, music, belief systems, and other cultural elements facilitate global understanding or cause misunderstanding.

  • TN.7.2. Content Standard: Economics

    Globalization of the economy, the explosion of population growth, technological changes and international competition compel students to understand, both personally and globally, production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Students will examine and analyze economic concepts such as basic needs versus wants, using versus saving money, and policy-making versus decision-making.

    • 7.2.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand fundamental economic concepts and their application to a variety of economic systems.

      • 7.2.01.a. Benchmark:

        Define various types of economies and their methods of production and consumption (e.g., market economy, free enterprise, capitalism, communism, and socialism).

      • 7.2.01.b. Benchmark:

        List the major resources and industrial and agricultural products, locally, regionally, and globally.

      • 7.2.01.c. Benchmark:

        Apply basic economic concepts in studying the various regions of the world such as export, import, tariffs, closed and emerging markets.

      • 7.2.01.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the interactions between domestic and global economic systems.

    • 7.2.02. Learning Expectation:

      Understand global economic connections, conflicts, and interdependence.

      • 7.2.02.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize that resources, goods, and services are exchanged worldwide.

      • 7.2.02.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the interactions between domestic and global economic systems.

      • 7.2.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the economic impact of improved communication and transportation.

      • 7.2.02.d. Benchmark:

        Appraise the relationship among scarcity of resources, economic development, and international conflict.

      • 7.2.02.e. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the domestic and international impact of various economic agreements.

      • 7.2.02.f. Benchmark:

        Apply economic concepts to evaluate contemporary developments.

    • 7.2.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the changes that occur in the nature, use, distribution, and importance of resources.

      • 7.2.03.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the characteristics, location, and use of renewable and nonrenewable resources.

      • 7.2.03.b. Benchmark:

        Identify ways resources are recycled.

      • 7.2.03.c. Benchmark:

        Describe patterns of resource distribution and utilization.

      • 7.2.03.d. Benchmark:

        Discover the relationship between the use, availability, and accessibility of resources and a country's standard of living, including the role of technology in resource acquisition and use.

      • 7.2.03.e. Benchmark:

        Analyze issues related to the location, availability, use, distribution, and trade of natural resources.

  • TN.7.3. Content Standard: Geography

    Geography enables the students to see, understand and appreciate the web of relationships between people, places, and environments. Students will use the knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts within the six essential elements of geography: world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, environment and society, and the uses of geography.

    • 7.3.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies.

      • 7.3.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify, describe, and be able to use the basic elements of maps and mapping.

      • 7.3.01.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the location of physical and human attributes on maps and globes at local, regional, and global scales.

      • 7.3.01.c. Benchmark:

        Demonstrate an understanding of various types of maps including thematic and topographic maps.

      • 7.3.01.d. Benchmark:

        Discuss applications of current geographic techniques in mapping such as GIS and GPS.

    • 7.3.02. Learning Expectation:

      Know the location of places and geographic features, both physical and human, locally, regionally and globally.

      • 7.3.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the location of Earth's major physical characteristics such as continents, landforms, bodies of water, climate regions, vegetation, and natural resources.

      • 7.3.02.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the location and size of major human features such as cities, political units, and countries.

      • 7.3.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain why physical, biological and human processes leave discernable patterns on the Earth's surface locally, regionally, and globally.

      • 7.3.02.d. Benchmark:

        Identify the spatial distribution of major ecosystems such as tropical rainforest, desert and grassland.

    • 7.3.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the characteristics and uses of spatial organization of Earth's surface.

      • 7.3.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify concepts and geographic tools used to define and describe spatial organization such as absolute and relative location, distance, direction, scale, movement and region.

      • 7.3.03.b. Benchmark:

        Explain patterns of spatial organization including why some areas are more densely settled than others are and the differences between rural, urban, and suburban patterns.

      • 7.3.03.c. Benchmark:

        Describe factors that affect spatial organization of the Earth's surface such as transportation, migration, and communication technology.

    • 7.3.04. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the physical and human characteristics of place.

      • 7.3.04.a. Benchmark:

        Identify which features on Earth's surface are physical and which are human.

      • 7.3.04.b. Benchmark:

        Describe how physical, biological, and human characteristics and processes define and shape a place.

      • 7.3.04.c. Benchmark:

        Describe how human movement and migration influence the character of a place.

      • 7.3.04.d. Benchmark:

        Appraise the symbiotic relationship between the physical and human environments as they are reflected on Earth's surface.

    • 7.3.05. Learning Expectation:

      Understand that common physical and cultural characteristics create regions.

      • 7.3.05.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the criteria used to define a region, including physical traits and formal, functional, and vernacular cultural regions.

      • 7.3.05.b. Benchmark:

        Describe types of regions at the local, regional, and global level.

      • 7.3.05.c. Benchmark:

        Describe how cultures influence the characteristics of regions and how human characteristics make specific regions of the world distinctive.

      • 7.3.05.d. Benchmark:

        Explain factors that contribute to changing regional characteristics and boundaries.

    • 7.3.06. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how physical processes shape the Earth's natural landscapes and affect environments.

      • 7.3.06.a. Benchmark:

        Identify types of Earth's physical processes such as tectonic activity, changing landforms.

      • 7.3.06.b. Benchmark:

        Consider the effect of weathering and erosion, the hydrologic cycle and climate change.

      • 7.3.06.c. Benchmark:

        Analyze physical patterns and ecosystems found locally, regionally, and globally.

      • 7.3.06.d. Benchmark:

        Examine the consequences of a specific physical process operating on Earth's surface.

    • 7.3.07. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how physical systems and the physical environment affect human systems.

      • 7.3.07.a. Benchmark:

        Describe how the characteristics of different physical environments affect human activities including ways in which people adapt to living in different physical environments.

      • 7.3.07.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the impact and interaction of natural hazards and disasters on human settlements and systems.

      • 7.3.07.c. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the limits and opportunities of physical environments for human activities.

    • 7.3.08. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how human activities impact and modify the physical environment.

      • 7.3.08.a. Benchmark:

        Describe effects of human modification on the physical environment including global warming, deforestation, desertification, and urbanization.

      • 7.3.08.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the ways in which human induced changes in the physical environment in one place can cause changes in other places.

      • 7.3.08.c. Benchmark:

        Analyze the environmental consequences of humans changing the physical environment.

    • 7.3.09. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the nature, distribution and migration of human populations on Earth's surfaces.

      • 7.3.09.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the characteristics of populations at a variety of scales including ethnicity, age distribution, number of males and females, and life expectancy.

      • 7.3.09.b. Benchmark:

        Define demographic concepts including population, population distribution, population density, growth rate, family size, and infant mortality.

      • 7.3.09.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the causes and effects of human migration such as 'push and pull' factors.

      • 7.3.09.d. Benchmark:

        Analyze contemporary population issues.

      • 7.3.09.e. Benchmark:

        Predict the consequences of population changes on the Earth's physical and cultural environments.

  • TN.7.4. Content Standard: Governance and Civics

    Governance establishes structures of power and authority in order to provide order and stability. Civic efficacy requires understanding rights and responsibilities, ethical behavior, and the role of citizens within their community, nation, and world.

    • 7.4.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand different systems of governance.

      • 7.4.01.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize world political regions locally, regionally, and globally.

      • 7.4.01.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the purposes and structure of various systems of governance.

      • 7.4.01.c. Benchmark:

        Compare different political systems with that of the United States and identify political leaders from selected contemporary settings.

      • 7.4.01.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the relationship between a place's physical, political, and cultural characteristics and the type of government that arises in that place.

    • 7.4.02. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of resources, rights, and privileges.

      • 7.4.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify international and multinational organizations of cooperation.

      • 7.4.02.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the current struggles over energy resources and how different governments resolve these problems.

      • 7.4.02.c. Benchmark:

        Describe conditions and motivations that contribute to conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among groups, societies, and nations.

      • 7.4.02.d. Benchmark:

        Explore governmental responses to environmental issues such as air pollution, watershed management, water pollution and solid waste, including hazardous and toxic waste.

      • 7.4.02.e. Benchmark:

        Describe ideas and mechanisms governments develop to meet needs and wants of citizens, regulate territory, manage conflict, and establish order and security.

  • TN.7.5. Content Standard: History

    History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

    • 7.5.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the patterns of human settlement.

      • 7.5.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify reasons why people choose to settle in different places.

      • 7.5.01.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how and why the location of settlements changes over space and time locally, regionally, and globally.

      • 7.5.01.c. Benchmark:

        Explain factors leading to areas of dense human settlement.

      • 7.5.01.d. Benchmark:

        Describe factors involved in the growth and development of cities.

      • 7.5.01.e. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the causes and consequences of urbanization.

    • 7.5.02. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize that places change over time.

      • 7.5.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the physical and human factors that influences a place.

      • 7.5.02.b. Benchmark:

        Analyze the causes and effects of changes in a place over time.

  • TN.7.6. Content Standard: Individuals, Groups, and Interactions

    Personal development and identity are shaped by factors including culture, groups, and institutions. Central to this development are exploration, identification, and analysis of how individuals, and groups work independently and cooperatively.

    • 7.6.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the impact of individual and group decisions on citizens and communities.

      • 7.6.01.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize that individuals can belong to groups but still retain their own identity.

      • 7.6.01.b. Benchmark:

        Know how to share and give opinions in a group.

      • 7.6.01.c. Benchmark:

        Describe personal connections to a place.

      • 7.6.01.d. Benchmark:

        Identify and describe ways regional, ethnic, and national cultures influence individuals' daily lives.

      • 7.6.01.e. Benchmark:

        Examine issues involving the rights, roles, and status of the individual in relation to the general welfare in various regions of the world.

    • 7.6.02. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how groups can effect change at local, regional, and global levels.

      • 7.6.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify ways family, groups, and community influence daily life and personal choices.

      • 7.6.02.b. Benchmark:

        Demonstrate an understanding of concepts such as role, status, and social class when describing the interactions of individuals and social groups in various regions of the world.

      • 7.6.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explore the causes, consequences, and possible solutions applied by governing bodies to persistent global issues such as health, security, resource allocation, economic development, and environmental quality.

    • 7.6.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how a geographic view is a significant tool in interpreting the present and planning for the future.

      • 7.6.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the effects of physical and human geographic factors on current policies and issues such as land use, urban planning, and conservation issues.

      • 7.6.03.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the impact of contemporary patterns of consumption, production, and population growth on the future spatial organization of Earth.

      • 7.6.03.c. Benchmark:

        Integrate multiple points of view to analyze and evaluate contemporary geographic issues.