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Virginia's Twelfth Grade Standards

  • Strand / Topic: Virginia and United States Government

    • GOVT.1 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate mastery of the social studies skills citizenship requires, including the ability to

      • GOVT.1a) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyze primary and secondary source documents;

      • GOVT.1b) Indicator / Standard:

        Create and interpret maps, diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, and spreadsheets;

      • GOVT.1c) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyze political cartoons, political advertisements, pictures, and other graphic media;

      • GOVT.1d) Indicator / Standard:

        Distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information;

      • GOVT.1e) Indicator / Standard:

        Evaluate information for accuracy, separating fact from opinion;

      • GOVT.1f) Indicator / Standard:

        Identify a problem and prioritize solutions;

      • GOVT.1g) Indicator / Standard:

        Select and defend positions in writing, discussion, and debate.

    • GOVT.2 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the political philosophies that shaped the development of Virginia and United States constitutional government by

      • GOVT.2a) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the development of Athenian democracy and the Roman republic;

      • GOVT.2b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the influence of the Magna Carta, the English Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights;

      • GOVT.2c) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the writings of Hobbes, Locke, and Montesquieu;

      • GOVT.2d) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the guarantee of the rights of Englishmen set forth in the charters of the Virginia Company of London;

      • GOVT.2e) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the natural rights philosophies expressed in the Declaration of Independence.

    • GOVT.3 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the concepts of democracy by

      • GOVT.3a) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognizing the fundamental worth and dignity of the individual;

      • GOVT.3b) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognizing the equality of all citizens under the law;

      • GOVT.3c) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognizing majority rule and minority rights;

      • GOVT.3d) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognizing the necessity of compromise;

      • GOVT.3e) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognizing the freedom of the individual.

    • GOVT.4 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Constitution of the United States by

      • GOVT.4a) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the ratification debates and The Federalist;

      • GOVT.4b) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the purposes for government stated in the Preamble;

      • GOVT.4c) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the fundamental principles upon which the Constitution of the United States is based, including the rule of law, consent of the governed, limited government, separation of powers, and federalism;

      • GOVT.4d) Indicator / Standard:

        Illustrating the structure of the national government outlined in Article I, Article II, and Article III;

      • GOVT.4e) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the amendment process.

    • GOVT.5 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the federal system described in the Constitution of the United States by

      • GOVT.5a) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the relationship of the state governments to the national government;

      • GOVT.5b) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the extent to which power is shared;

      • GOVT.5c) Indicator / Standard:

        Identifying the powers denied state and national governments;

      • GOVT.5d) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the ongoing debate that focuses on the balance of power between state and national governments.

    • GOVT.6 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections by

      • GOVT.6a) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the organization, role, and constituencies of political parties;

      • GOVT.6b) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the nomination and election process;

      • GOVT.6c) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining campaign funding and spending;

      • GOVT.6d) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the influence of media coverage, campaign advertising, and public opinion polls;

      • GOVT.6e) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the impact of reapportionment and redistricting;

      • GOVT.6f) Indicator / Standard:

        Identifying how amendments extend the right to vote;

      • GOVT.6g) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing voter turnout.

    • GOVT.7 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the organization and powers of the national government by

      • GOVT.7a) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;

      • GOVT.7b) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the relationship between the three branches in a system of checks and balances.

    • GOVT.8 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the organization and powers of the state and local governments described in the Constitution of Virginia by

      • GOVT.8a) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;

      • GOVT.8b) Indicator / Standard: Examining the structure and powers of local governments

        county, city, and town;

      • GOVT.8c) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the relationship among state and local governments.

    • GOVT.9 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the process by which public policy is made by

      • GOVT.9a) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining different perspectives on the role of government;

      • GOVT.9b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining how local, state, and national governments formulate public policy;

      • GOVT.9c) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the process by which policy is implemented by the bureaucracy at each level;

      • GOVT.9d) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing how individuals, interest groups, and the media influence public policy.

    • GOVT.10 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the operation of the federal judiciary by

      • GOVT.10a) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the jurisdiction of the federal courts;

      • GOVT.10b) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining how John Marshall established the Supreme Court as an independent, co-equal branch of government through his opinions in Marbury v. Madison;

      • GOVT.10c) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing how the Supreme Court decides cases;

      • GOVT.10d) Indicator / Standard:

        Comparing the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint.

    • GOVT.11 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of civil liberties and civil rights by

      • GOVT.11a) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the Bill of Rights, with emphasis on First Amendment freedoms;

      • GOVT.11b) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing due process of law expressed in the 5th and 14th Amendments;

      • GOVT.11c) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining selective incorporation of the Bill of Rights;

      • GOVT.11d) Indicator / Standard:

        Exploring the balance between individual liberties and the public interest;

      • GOVT.11e) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining every citizen's right to be treated equally under the law.

    • GOVT.12 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of the United States in a changing world by

      • GOVT.12a) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the responsibilities of the national government for foreign policy and national security;

      • GOVT.12b) Indicator / Standard:

        Assessing the role played by national interest in shaping foreign policy and promoting world peace;

      • GOVT.12c) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining the relationship of Virginia and the United States to the global economy;

      • GOVT.12d) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining recent foreign policy and international trade initiatives since 1980.

    • GOVT.13 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of how governments in Mexico, Great Britain, and the People's Republic of China compare with government in the United States by

      • GOVT.13a) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the distribution of governmental power;

      • GOVT.13b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the relationship between the legislative and executive branches;

      • GOVT.13c) Indicator / Standard:

        Comparing the extent of participation in the political process.

    • GOVT.14 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of economic systems by

      • GOVT.14a) Indicator / Standard:

        Identifying the basic economic questions encountered by all economic systems;

      • GOVT.14b) Indicator / Standard:

        Comparing the characteristics of free market, command, and mixed economies, as described by Adam Smith and Karl Marx;

      • GOVT.14c) Indicator / Standard:

        Evaluating the impact of the government's role in the economy on individual economic freedoms;

      • GOVT.14d) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the relationship between economic freedom and political freedom;

      • GOVT.14e) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining productivity and the standard of living as measured by key economic indicators.

    • GOVT.15 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the United States market economy by

      • GOVT.15a) Indicator / Standard:

        Assessing the importance of entrepreneurship, the profit motive, and economic independence to the promotion of economic growth;

      • GOVT.15b) Indicator / Standard:

        Comparing types of business organizations;

      • GOVT.15c) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the factors of production;

      • GOVT.15d) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining the interaction of supply and demand;

      • GOVT.15e) Indicator / Standard:

        Illustrating the circular flow of economic activity;

      • GOVT.15f) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing global economic trends, with emphasis on the impact of technological innovations.

    • GOVT.16 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of government in the Virginia and United States economies by

      • GOVT.16a) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing the impact of fiscal and monetary policies on the economy;

      • GOVT.16b) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the creation of public goods and services;

      • GOVT.16c) Indicator / Standard:

        Examining environmental issues, property rights, contracts, consumer rights, labor management relations, and competition in the marketplace.

    • GOVT.17 Standard / Strand:

      The student will demonstrate knowledge of personal character traits that facilitate thoughtful and effective participation in civic life by

      • GOVT.17a) Indicator / Standard:

        Practicing trustworthiness and honesty;

      • GOVT.17b) Indicator / Standard:

        Practicing courtesy and respect for the rights of others;

      • GOVT.17c) Indicator / Standard:

        Practicing responsibility, accountability, and self-reliance;

      • GOVT.17d) Indicator / Standard:

        Practicing respect for the law;

      • GOVT.17e) Indicator / Standard:

        Practicing patriotism.

    • GOVT.18 Standard / Strand:

      The student will understand that thoughtful and effective participation in civic life is characterized by

      • GOVT.18a) Indicator / Standard:

        Obeying the law and paying taxes;

      • GOVT.18b) Indicator / Standard:

        Serving as a juror;

      • GOVT.18c) Indicator / Standard:

        Participating in the political process;

      • GOVT.18d) Indicator / Standard:

        Performing public service;

      • GOVT.18e) Indicator / Standard:

        Keeping informed about current issues;

      • GOVT.18f) Indicator / Standard:

        Respecting differing opinions in a diverse society.

 
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