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Washington's Twelfth Grade Standards

  • WA.1. Ealr / Domain: CIVICS

    The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

    • 1.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.

      • 1.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: APPLICATION OF IDEALS & PRINCIPLES

        Evaluates relationships between key ideals and historical and current realities.

    • 1.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.

      • 1.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: FUNCTION OF GOVERNMENT

        Evaluates the effectiveness of federalism in promoting the common good and protecting individual rights.

      • 1.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

        Analyzes and evaluates the structures of state, tribal, and federal forms of governments by comparing them to those of other governments.

      • 1.2.4. Benchmark / Gle: POLITICAL PARTIES

        Understands and evaluates how political systems in the United States operate.

    • 1.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes and organization of international relationships and United States foreign policy.

      • 1.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

        Evaluates the impact of international agreements on contemporary world issues.

    • 1.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands civic involvement.

      • 1.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT

        Analyzes and evaluates ways of influencing national governments and international organizations to establish or preserve individual rights and/or promote the common good.

  • WA.2. Ealr / Domain: ECONOMICS

    The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

    • 2.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.

      • 2.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC CHOICES

        Analyzes how economic choices made by groups and individuals in the global economy can impose costs and provide benefits.

    • 2.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands how economic systems function.

      • 2.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

        Analyzes and evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of different economic systems for countries and groups of people.

      • 2.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: TRADE

        Analyzes and evaluates the effects of specialization on global trade.

    • 2.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the government's role in the economy.

      • 2.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY

        Evaluates the costs and benefits of governmental fiscal and monetary policies.

    • 2.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.

      • 2.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC ISSUES

        Analyzes and evaluates how individuals affect and are affected by the distribution of resources and sustainability.

  • WA.3. Ealr / Domain: GEOGRAPHY

    The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

    • 3.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.

      • 3.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: MAPS AND GEOGRAPHIC TOOLS

        Analyzes information from geographic tools, including computer-based mapping systems, to draw conclusions on an issue or event.


        Evaluates the complexities of regions and problems involved in defining those regions.

    • 3.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands human interaction with the environment.

      • 3.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION

        Evaluates how human interaction with the environment has affected economic growth and sustainability.

      • 3.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURE

        Analyzes and evaluates the social and political factors affecting cultural interactions.

      • 3.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN MIGRATION

        Analyzes and evaluates current opportunities and obstacles connected with international migration.

    • 3.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the geographic context of global issues and events.

      • 3.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GEOGRAPHIC CONTEXT OF GLOBAL ISSUES

        Analyzes how the geography of globalization affects local diversity.

  • WA.4. Ealr / Domain: HISTORY

    The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

    • 4.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.

      • 4.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: INDIVIDUALS AND MOVEMENTS

        Evaluates how individuals and movements have shaped contemporary world issues.

      • 4.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURES AND CULTURAL GROUPS

        Analyzes how cultural identity can promote unity and division.

      • 4.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: IDEAS AND TECHNOLOGY

        Evaluates the ethics of current and future uses of technology based on how technology has shaped history.

    • 4.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands that there are multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events.

      • 4.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL INTERPRETATION

        Analyzes the motives and interests behind an interpretation of a recent event.

      • 4.3.2. Benchmark / Gle: MULTIPLE CAUSATION

        Evaluates the ramifications of mono-causal explanations of contemporary events in the world.

    • 4.4. Component / Goal:

      Uses history to understand the present and plan for the future.

      • 4.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL ANTECENDENTS

        Evaluates positions on a current issue based on an analysis of history.

  • WA.5. Ealr / Domain: SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS

    The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, form, and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

    • 5.1. Component / Goal:

      Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.

      • 5.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: UNDERSTANDS REASONING

        Analyzes the short-term and long-term implications of decisions affecting the global community.

      • 5.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: EVALUATES REASONING

        Evaluates the plausibility of an analysis of decisions affecting the global community.

    • 5.2. Component / Goal:

      Uses inquiry-based research.

      • 5.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: ANALYZES SOURCES

        Evaluates the breadth of research to determine the need for new or additional investigation when researching an issue or event.

    • 5.3. Component / Goal:

      Deliberates public issues.

      • 5.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: DELIBERATION

        Evaluates how the discussion and the proposed alternative resolutions changed or solidified one's own position on public issues.

    • 5.4. Component / Goal:

      Creates a product that uses social studies content to support a thesis and presents the product in an appropriate manner to a meaningful audience.

      • 5.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CREATES POSITION AND PRODUCT

        Evaluates positions and evidence to make one's own decisions in a paper or presentation.