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Washington's Seventh Grade Standards

  • WA.1. Ealr / Domain: CIVICS

    The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

    • 1.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.

      • 1.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: IDEALS & PRINCIPLES

        Understands how key ideals set forth in fundamental documents, including the Washington State Constitution and tribal treaties, define the goals of our state.

      • 1.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: APPLICATION OF IDEALS & PRINCIPLES

        Analyzes the relationship between the actions of people in Washington State and the ideals outlined in the State Constitution.

    • 1.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.

      • 1.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: STRUCTURE OF GOVERNMENT

        Understands and analyzes the structure, organization, and powers of government at the local, state, and tribal levels including the concept of tribal sovereignty.

      • 1.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

        Understands various forms of government and their effects on the lives of people in the past or present.

    • 1.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes and organization of international relationships and United States foreign policy.

      • 1.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

        Analyzes how international agreements have affected Washington State in the past or present.

    • 1.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands civic involvement.

      • 1.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT

        Understands the effectiveness of different forms of civic involvement.

  • WA.2. Ealr / Domain: ECONOMICS

    The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

    • 2.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.

      • 2.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC CHOICES

        Analyzes the importance of financial literacy in making economic choices related to spending, saving, and investing.

    • 2.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands how economic systems function.

      • 2.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

        Analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods, services, and resources in societies from the past or in the present.

      • 2.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: TRADE

        Understands and analyzes how the forces of supply and demand have affected international trade in Washington State in the past or present.

    • 2.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the government's role in the economy.

      • 2.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY

        Understands and analyzes the role of government in the economy of Washington State through taxation, spending, and policy setting in the past or present.

    • 2.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.

      • 2.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC ISSUES

        Understands and analyzes the distribution of wealth and sustainability of resources in Washington State.

  • WA.3. Ealr / Domain: GEOGRAPHY

    The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

    • 3.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.

      • 3.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: MAPS AND GEOGRAPHIC TOOLS

        Analyzes maps and charts from a specific time period to analyze an issue or event.


        Understands how human spatial patterns have emerged from natural processes and human activities in the past or present.

    • 3.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands human interaction with the environment.

      • 3.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION

        Understands and analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in Washington State in the past or present.

      • 3.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURE

        Understands examples of cultural diffusion in the world from the past or in the present.

      • 3.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN MIGRATION

        Understands the role of immigration in shaping societies in the past or present.

  • WA.4. Ealr / Domain: HISTORY

    The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

    • 4.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands historical chronology.

      • 4.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: CHRONOLOGY

        Analyzes a major historical event and how it is represented on timelines from different cultural perspectives.

      • 4.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: CHRONOLOGICAL ERAS

        Understands how themes and developments have defined eras in Washington State and world history by:

        • 4.1.2.a. Grade Level Expectation:

          Explaining and comparing the development of major societies from 600 to 1450 in two or more regions of the world.

        • 4.1.2.b. Grade Level Expectation: Explaining how the following themes and developments help to define eras in Washington State history from 1854 to the present

          Territory and treaty-making (1854 - 1889); Railroads, reform, immigration, and labor (1889 - 1930); The Great Depression and World War II (1930 - 1945); New technologies and industries (1945 - 1980); Contemporary Washington State (1980 - present).

    • 4.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.

      • 4.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: INDIVIDUALS AND MOVEMENTS

        Understands and analyzes how individuals and movements have shaped Washington State or world history.

      • 4.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURES AND CULTURAL GROUPS

        Understands and analyzes how cultures and cultural groups contributed to Washington State or world history.

      • 4.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: IDEAS AND TECHNOLOGY

        Understands and analyzes how technology and ideas have impacted Washington State or world history.

    • 4.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands that there are multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events.

      • 4.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL INTERPRETATION

        Analyzes and interprets historical materials from a variety of perspectives in Washington State or world history.

      • 4.3.2. Benchmark / Gle: MULTIPLE CAUSATION

        Analyzes multiple causal factors that shape major events in Washington State or world history.

    • 4.4. Component / Goal:

      Uses history to understand the present and plan for the future.

      • 4.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL ANTECENDENTS

        Analyzes how an event in Washington State or world history helps us to understand a current issue.

  • WA.5. Ealr / Domain: SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS

    The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, form, and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

    • 5.1. Component / Goal:

      Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.

      • 5.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: UNDERSTANDS REASONING

        Understands evidence supporting a position on an issue or event.

      • 5.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: EVALUATES REASONING

        Evaluates the breadth of evidence supporting positions on an issue or event.

    • 5.2. Component / Goal:

      Uses inquiry-based research.

      • 5.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS QUESTIONS

        Creates and uses research questions to guide inquiry on an issue or event.

      • 5.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: ANALYZES SOURCES

        Evaluates the breadth of primary and secondary sources and analyzes notes to determine the need for additional information while researching an issue or event.

    • 5.3. Component / Goal:

      Deliberates public issues.

      • 5.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: DELIBERATION

        Analyzes and responds to multiple viewpoints on public issues brought forth in the context of a discussion.

    • 5.4. Component / Goal:

      Creates a product that uses social studies content to support a thesis and presents the product in an appropriate manner to a meaningful audience.

      • 5.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CREATES POSITION AND PRODUCT

        Analyzes multiple factors, makes generalizations, and interprets primary sources to formulate a thesis in a paper or presentation.

      • 5.4.2. Benchmark / Gle: CITING SOURCES

        Creates annotated bibliography or works cited page using an appropriate format.