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Wisconsin's Tenth Grade Standards

  • WI.A. Content Standard: Geography

    People, Places and Environments: Students in Wisconsin will learn about geography through the study of the relationships among people, places, and environments.

    • A.12.1. Performance Standard:

      Use various types of atlases and appropriate vocabulary to describe the physical attributes of a place or region, employing such concepts as climate, plate tectonics, volcanism, and landforms, and to describe the human attributes, employing such concepts as demographics, birth and death rates, doubling time, emigration, and immigration.

    • A.12.2. Performance Standard:

      Analyze information generated from a computer about a place, including statistical sources, aerial and satellite images, and three-dimensional models.

    • A.12.3. Performance Standard:

      Construct mental maps of the world and the world's regions and draw maps from memory showing major physical and human features.

    • A.12.4. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the short-term and long-term effects that major changes in population in various parts of the world have had or might have on the environment.

    • A.12.5. Performance Standard:

      Use a variety of geographic information and resources to analyze and illustrate the ways in which the unequal global distribution of natural resources influences trade and shapes economic patterns.

    • A.12.6. Performance Standard:

      Collect and analyze geographic information to examine the effects that a geographic or environmental change in one part of the world, such as volcanic activity, river diversion, ozone depletion, air pollution, deforestation, or desertification, may have on other parts of the world.

    • A.12.7. Performance Standard:

      Collect relevant data to analyze the distribution of products among global markets and the movement of people among regions of the world.

    • A.12.8. Performance Standard:

      Identify the world's major ecosystems and analyze how different economic, social, political, religious, and cultural systems have adapted to them.

    • A.12.9. Performance Standard:

      Identify and analyze cultural factors, such as human needs, values, ideals, and public policies, that influence the design of places, such as an urban center, an industrial park, a public project, or a planned neighborhood.

    • A.12.10. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the effect of cultural ethics and values in various parts of the world on scientific and technological development.

    • A.12.11. Performance Standard:

      Describe scientific and technological development in various regions of the world and analyze the ways in which development affects environment and culture.

    • A.12.12. Performance Standard:

      Assess the advantages and disadvantages of selected land use policies in the local community, Wisconsin, the United States, and the world.

    • A.12.13. Performance Standard:

      Give examples and analyze conflict and cooperation in the establishment of cultural regions and political boundaries.

  • WI.B. Content Standard: History

    Time, Continuity, and Change: Students in Wisconsin will learn about the history of Wisconsin, the United States, and the world, examining change and continuity over time in order to develop historical perspective, explain historical relationships, and analyze issues that affect the present and the future.

    • B.12.1. Performance Standard:

      Explain different points of view on the same historical event, using data gathered from various sources, such as letters, journals, diaries, newspapers, government documents, and speeches.

    • B.12.2. Performance Standard:

      Analyze primary and secondary sources related to a historical question to evaluate their relevance, make comparisons, integrate new information with prior knowledge, and come to a reasoned conclusion.

    • B.12.3. Performance Standard:

      Recall, select, and analyze significant historical periods and the relationships among them.

    • B.12.4. Performance Standard:

      Assess the validity of different interpretations of significant historical events.

    • B.12.5. Performance Standard:

      Gather various types of historical evidence, including visual and quantitative data, to analyze issues of freedom and equality, liberty and order, region and nation, individual and community, law and conscience, diversity and civic duty; form a reasoned conclusion in the light of other possible conclusions; and develop a coherent argument in the light of other possible arguments.

    • B.12.6. Performance Standard:

      Select and analyze various documents that have influenced the legal, political, and constitutional heritage of the United States.

    • B.12.7. Performance Standard:

      Identify major works of art and literature produced in the United States and elsewhere in the world and explain how they reflect the era in which they were created.

    • B.12.8. Performance Standard:

      Recall, select, and explain the significance of important people, their work, and their ideas in the areas of political and intellectual leadership, inventions, discoveries, and the arts, within each major era of Wisconsin, United States, and world history.

    • B.12.9. Performance Standard:

      Select significant changes caused by technology, industrialization, urbanization, and population growth, and analyze the effects of these changes in the United States and the world.

    • B.12.10. Performance Standard:

      Select instances of scientific, intellectual, and religious change in various regions of the world at different times in history and discuss the impact those changes had on beliefs and values.

    • B.12.11. Performance Standard:

      Compare examples and analyze why governments of various countries have sometimes sought peaceful resolution to conflicts and sometimes gone to war.

    • B.12.12. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the history, culture, tribal sovereignty, and current status of the American Indian tribes and bands in Wisconsin.

    • B.12.13. Performance Standard:

      Analyze examples of ongoing change within and across cultures, such as the development of ancient civilizations; the rise of nation-states; and social, economic, and political revolutions.

    • B.12.14. Performance Standard:

      Explain the origins, central ideas, and global influence of religions, such as Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Christianity.

    • B.12.15. Performance Standard:

      Identify a historical or contemporary event in which a person was forced to take an ethical position, such as a decision to go to war, the impeachment of a president, or a presidential pardon, and explain the issues involved.

    • B.12.16. Performance Standard:

      Describe the purpose and effects of treaties, alliances, and international organizations that characterize today's interconnected world.

    • B.12.17. Performance Standard:

      Identify historical and current instances when national interests and global interests have seemed to be opposed and analyze the issues involved.

    • B.12.18. Performance Standard:

      Explain the history of slavery, racial and ethnic discrimination, and efforts to eliminate discrimination in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

  • WI.C. Content Standard: Political Science and Citizenship

    Power, Authority, Governance, and Responsibility: Students in Wisconsin will learn about political science and acquire the knowledge of political systems necessary for developing individual civic responsibility by studying the history and contemporary uses of power, authority, and governance.

    • C.12.1. Performance Standard:

      Identify the sources, evaluate the justification, and analyze the implications of certain rights and responsibilities of citizens.

    • C.12.2. Performance Standard:

      Describe how different political systems define and protect individual human rights.

    • C.12.3. Performance Standard:

      Trace how legal interpretations of liberty, equality, justice, and power, as identified in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and other Constitutional Amendments, have changed and evolved over time.

    • C.12.4. Performance Standard:

      Explain the multiple purposes of democratic government, analyze historical and contemporary examples of the tensions between those purposes, and illustrate how governmental powers can be acquired, used, abused, or legitimized.

    • C.12.5. Performance Standard:

      Analyze different theories of how governmental powers might be used to help promote or hinder liberty, equality, and justice, and develop a reasoned conclusion.

    • C.12.6. Performance Standard:

      Identify and analyze significant political benefits, problems, and solutions to problems related to federalism and the separation of powers.

    • C.12.7. Performance Standard:

      Describe how past and present American political parties and interest groups have gained or lost influence on political decision-making and voting behavior.

    • C.12.8. Performance Standard:

      Locate, organize, analyze, and use information from various sources to understand an issue of public concern, take a position, and communicate the position.

    • C.12.9. Performance Standard:

      Identify and evaluate the means through which advocates influence public policy, and identify ways people may participate effectively in community affairs and the political process.

    • C.12.10. Performance Standard:

      Evaluate the ways in which public opinion can be used to influence and shape public policy.

    • C.12.11. Performance Standard:

      Explain the United States' relationship to other nations and its role in international organizations, such as the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and North American Free Trade Agreement.

    • C.12.12. Performance Standard:

      Describe and evaluate ideas of how society should be organized and political power should be exercised, including the ideas of monarchism, anarchism, socialism, fascism, and communism; compare these ideas to those of representative democracy; and assess how such ideas have worked in practice.

    • C.12.13. Performance Standard:

      Explain and analyze how different political and social movements have sought to mobilize public opinion and obtain governmental support in order to achieve their goals.

    • C.12.14. Performance Standard:

      Describe and analyze the origins and consequences of slavery, genocide, and other forms of persecution, including the Holocaust.

    • C.12.15. Performance Standard:

      Describe the evolution of movements to assert rights by people with disabilities, ethnic and racial groups, minorities, and women.

  • WI.D. Content Standard: Economics

    Production, Distribution, Exchange, Consumption: Students in Wisconsin will learn about production, distribution, exchange, and consumption so that they can make informed economic decisions.

    • D.12.1. Performance Standard:

      Explain how decisions about spending and production made by households, businesses, and governments determine the nation's levels of income, employment, and prices.

    • D.12.2. Performance Standard:

      Use basic economic concepts (such as supply and demand; production, distribution, and consumption; labor, wages, and capital; inflation and deflation; market economy and command economy) to compare and contrast local, regional, and national economies across time and at the present time.

    • D.12.3. Performance Standard:

      Analyze and evaluate the role of Wisconsin and the United States in the world economy.

    • D.12.4. Performance Standard:

      Explain and evaluate the effects of new technology, global economic interdependence, and competition on the development of national policies and on the lives of individuals and families in the United States and the world.

    • D.12.5. Performance Standard:

      Explain how federal budgetary policy and the Federal Reserve System's monetary policies influence overall levels of employment, interest rates, production, and prices.

    • D.12.6. Performance Standard:

      Use economic concepts to analyze historical and contemporary questions about economic development in the United States and the world.

    • D.12.7. Performance Standard:

      Compare, contrast, and evaluate different types of economies (traditional, command, market, and mixed) and analyze how they have been affected in the past by specific social and political systems and important historical events.

    • D.12.8. Performance Standard:

      Explain the basic characteristics of international trade, including absolute and comparative advantage, barriers to trade, exchange rates, and balance of trade.

    • D.12.9. Performance Standard:

      Explain the operations of common financial instruments (such as stocks and bonds) and financial institutions (such as credit companies, banks, and insurance companies).

    • D.12.10. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the ways in which supply and demand, competition, prices, incentives, and profits influence what is produced and distributed in a competitive market system.

    • D.12.11. Performance Standard:

      Explain how interest rates are determined by market forces that influence the amount of borrowing and saving done by investors, consumers, and government officials.

    • D.12.12. Performance Standard:

      Compare and contrast how values and beliefs, such as economic freedom, economic efficiency, equity, full employment, price stability, security, and growth, influence decisions in different economic systems.

    • D.12.13. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain global economic interdependence and competition, using examples to illustrate their influence on national and international policies.

    • D.12.14. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the economic roles of institutions, such as corporations and businesses, banks, labor unions, and the Federal Reserve System.

  • WI.E. Content Standard: The Behavioral Sciences

    Individuals, Institutions, and Society: Students in Wisconsin will learn about the behavioral sciences by exploring concepts from the discipline of sociology, the study of the interactions among individuals, groups, and institutions; the discipline of psychology, the study of factors that influence individual identity and learning; and the discipline of anthropology, the study of cultures in various times and settings.

    • E.12.1. Performance Standard:

      Summarize research that helps explain how the brain's structure and function influence learning and behavior.

    • E.12.2. Performance Standard:

      Explain how such factors as physical endowment and capabilities, family, gender, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, attitudes, beliefs, work, and motivation contribute to individual identity and development.

    • E.12.3. Performance Standard:

      Compare and describe similarities and differences in the ways various cultures define individual rights and responsibilities, including the use of rules, folkways, mores, and taboos.

    • E.12.4. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the role of economic, political, educational, familial, and religious institutions as agents of both continuity and change, citing current and past examples.

    • E.12.5. Performance Standard:

      Describe the ways cultural and social groups are defined and how they have changed over time.

    • E.12.6. Performance Standard:

      Analyze the means by which and extent to which groups and institutions can influence people, events, and cultures in both historical and contemporary settings.

    • E.12.7. Performance Standard:

      Use scientific methods to assess the influence of media on people's behavior and decisions.

    • E.12.8. Performance Standard:

      Analyze issues of cultural assimilation and cultural preservation among ethnic and racial groups in Wisconsin, the United States, and the world.

    • E.12.9. Performance Standard:

      Defend a point of view related to an ethical issue such as genetic engineering, declaring conscientious objector status, or restricting immigration.

    • E.12.10. Performance Standard:

      Describe a particular culture as an integrated whole and use that understanding to explain its language, literature, arts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors.

    • E.12.11. Performance Standard:

      Illustrate and evaluate ways in which cultures resolve conflicting beliefs and practices.

    • E.12.12. Performance Standard:

      Explain current and past efforts of groups and institutions to eliminate prejudice and discrimination against racial, ethnic, religious, and social groups such as women, children, the elderly, and individuals who are disabled.

    • E.12.13. Performance Standard:

      Compare the ways in which a universal theme is expressed artistically in three different world cultures.

    • E.12.14. Performance Standard:

      Use the research procedures and skills of the behavioral sciences (such as gathering, organizing, and interpreting data from several sources) to develop an informed position on an issue.

    • E.12.15. Performance Standard:

      Identify the skills needed to work effectively alone, in groups, and in institutions.

    • E.12.16. Performance Standard:

      Identify and analyze factors that influence a person's mental health.

    • E.12.17. Performance Standard:

      Examine and describe various belief systems that exist in the world, such as democracy, socialism, and capitalism.