- Eliot, Henrietta R. and Susan E. Blow. The Mottoes and Commentaries of Friedrich Froebel’s Mother Play. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1902.
- Fletcher, Horace. That Last Waif; or, Social Quarantine. Chicago: Kindergarten Literature Company of the Womans Temple, 1898.
- Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer. "Kindergarten—What is It?" The Atlantic Monthly 10 (November 1862): 586-593.
- Wiebé, Edward. Ed. Milton Bradley. Quarter Century Edition of the Paradise of Childhood; a Practical Guide to Kindergartners. Springfield, MA: Milton Bradley Company, 1907.
The Garden of Infants
"Kindergarten"—the name gives it away. Advocated by the Prussian education reformer Friedrich Fröbel as an environment in which to nurture children like young plants in a garden, kindergarten came to the U.S. with German immigrants in the late 19th century. The first English-language kindergarten opened in 1860. Answer these questions about the institution.