• Library of Congress. Historic American Sheet Music: 1850-1920. 31 March 2009. (last accessed October 5, 2010).
  • Ward, Charlie L. "Why Can We Not Be Brothers; We Know That We Were Rebels." Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1865.
  • Wilder, Frank. "How Are You Exempt?" Boston: G.D. Russell, 1863.
  • Wilder, Frank. "Wanted - A Substitute!" Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1863.
  • Winner, Septimus. "He's Gone to the Arms of Abraham; Comic War Ballad." Pennsylvania: 1863.

Drafting Music


The Civil War began on a volunteer basis, but both North and South soon initiated drafts—the South's first in 1862 and the North's in 1863. Contemporary song lyrics commented on the situation, both satirically and seriously. Are the following lyrics from Northern or Southern songs?