- Lester, Paul Martin. "Looks are Deceiving: The Portraits of Christopher Columbus". Visual Anthropology, vol. 5, p. 211-227, 1993. http://commfaculty.fullerton.edu/lester/writings/admiral.html (accessed July 16, 2010).
Discovering Christopher Columbus
In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue, but we have little idea what he looked like—all portaits of Columbus were made after his death in 1506. Because of this, pictures of Columbus tell more about the artist's intentions than they do about Columbus himself. When were these images created?