- Brown University. Perry Visits Japan: A Visual History. http://dl.lib.brown.edu/japan/index.html (accessed October 14, 2010).
- Heine, William. With Perry to Japan. Translated by Frederic Trautmann. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1990.
- Perry, Matthew Calbraith. The Americans in Japan: An Abridgement of the Government Narrative of the U.S. Expedition to Japan, under Commodore Perry. New York: D. Appleton, 1857.
First Impressions: The U.S. and Japan
In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry sailed into Uraga Harbor with a fleet of four steamships, demanding that Japan, a nation largely closed to foreign trade and contact, open to the U.S. In 1854, Perry returned to conclude negotiations. Artists on both sides recorded this meeting between two very different cultures. Examine the images and answer the accompanying questions.