Smith Jr., J. Clay. Emancipation: The Making of the Black Lawyer, 1844–1944. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1993.

African American History Month: Civil Rights Worldwide


From the founding of the U.S. to the present day, countless individuals have fought to expand the rights and freedoms of specific groups, including African Americans. But did the influence of these individuals end at the borders of the U.S.?

In the quiz are four 19th-century African Americans who fought for civil rights. What countries other than the U.S. did their work affect?