About the Author

Thomas G. Andrews is an assistant professor at the University of Colorado—Denver, specializing in the social and environmental history of the Rocky Mountain West.

Coal and the Industrial Revolution

Coal Consumption (1850-1900)


This graph, developed in 2003, shows the speed with which coal, particularly bituminous coal, took over as the central American energy source at the end of the 20th century.


Schurr, Sam H. and Bruce C. Netschert. Energy in the American Economy, 1850-1975. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1960, 36-37.