About the Author

Thomas G. Andrews is an assistant professor at the University of Colorado—Denver, specializing in the social and environmental history of the Rocky Mountain West.

Coal and the Industrial Revolution

Pittsburgh Painting (1843)


This painting captures the pollution in a major American city—Pittsburgh—in the middle of the 19th century. It may also be viewed online at ExplorePAhistory.com.


Russell, William T. Pittsburgh from the Salt Works at Saw Mill, 1843. From the Library and Archives Division, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, PA.