About the Author

Thomas G. Andrews is an assistant professor at the University of Colorado—Denver, specializing in the social and environmental history of the Rocky Mountain West.

Coal and the Industrial Revolution

Secondary Sources

Adams, Sean. "US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century." EH.Net Encyclopedia.

Andrews, Thomas G. Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2008.

Freese, Barbara. Coal: A Human History. New York: Penguin Books, 2003.

Licht, Walter. Industrializing America: The Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1995.

Nye, David E. Consuming Power: A Social History of American Energies. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998.

Smil, Vaclav. Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999.

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. "Coal Timeline." Energy Kids.