• Image of the tobacco plant is from the digital collections of the New York Public Library.
  • T. H. Breen. Tobacco Culture: The Mentality of the Great Tidewater Planters on the Eve of Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. Orig. pub. 1985.
  • Iain Gately. Tobacco: The Story of How Tobacco Seduced the World. New York: Grove Press, 2002.
  • Frederick Gutheim. The Potomac. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974. Orig. pub. 1949.
  • Allan Kulikoff. Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1988.
  • Arthur Pierce Middleton. Tobacco Coast. Newport News, Virginia: Mariners' Museum, 1953.
  • J. Thomas Scharf. History of Maryland: From the Earliest Periods to the Present Day. Hatboro, Pennsylvania: Tradition Press, 1967.

A Culture Productive of Infinite Wretchedness


Thomas Jefferson described the system of growing tobacco that prevailed in Tidewater Virginia and Maryland as "a culture of infinite wretchedness." What do you know about tobacco and the tobacco farming of his time?