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Edwards, Cynthia.“Did Truman Pardon a Turkey?” Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Last modified December 5, 2003. Accessed October 26, 2003.
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White House Historical Association. “The Thanksgiving Tradition of ‘Pardoning a Turkey at the White House.” Accessed October 26, 2011.
Thanksgiving: Presidential Turkeys
In 1873, Rhode Island turkey broker Horace Vose sent President Grant a Thanksgiving gift of a magnificent turkey. Every year after that, until his death in 1913, Vose sent a Thanksgiving turkey to whomever was president. The annual arrival of Vose’s gift turkey at the White House was the subject of many newspaper articles through the years.
Vose’s turkeys wound up on the White House dinner table, but more recently, some of the many turkeys sent to the President each year for Thanksgiving have been given Presidential pardons. What do you know about the presidents’ turkeys?