About the Author

Jenice L. View is Assistant Professor of Initiatives in Educational Transformation Program at George Mason University. Her research focuses on the critical teaching and learning of history, critical pedagogy in teacher professional development, how the learning of history impacts youth voice and civic engagement, white teacher consciousness, and the use of the arts and arts integration.

Modern Civil Rights Movement

Secondary Sources

Egerton, J. Speak Now Against the Day: The Generation Before the Civil Rights Movement in the South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1994. This informative novel tell the story of story of Southerners who challenged the theory of white supremacy before the Supreme Court outlawed school segregation and before Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat on a Montgomery bus.

Menkart, Deborah, Alana Murray, and Jenice L. View, eds. Putting the Movement Back into Civil Rights Teaching: A Resource Guide for Classrooms and Communities. United States: McArdle Printing, 2004. This book contains K-12 lessons, primary sources, teacher reflections on teaching about the modern Civil Rights Movement, poetry, photos, and essays to help teachers construct more meaningful approaches to this period in history. The companion website published by the Poverty and Race Research Action Council and Teaching for Change includes supplemental materials and many primary sources as well.

Payne, Charles M. and Adam Green. Time Longer than Rope: A Century of African American Activism, 1850-1950. New York: New York UP, 2003. This book documents the range of efforts by African Americans to preserve the promises of the post-Civil War and Reconstruction and regain the rights lost to the legal segregation and violence of the first half of the 20th century.

Ransby, Barbara. Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. One of the many brilliant strategic thinkers and social justice organizers of the 20th century, Ella Baker was also central to many of the successes of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including as a field director of the NAACP, as the first executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and as the “godmother” of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

Salomon, Larry R. Roots of Justice: Stories of Organizing in Communities of Color. San Francisco: Chardon Press Series/Jossey Bass, 2003. This book documents some of the social and racial justice struggles of American Indians, Asian Pacific Islanders, Latino/as, and African Americans in the United States, dating to before the 19th century.

Teaching for Change and Rethinking Schools. Zinn Education Project. Promotes the use of Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States and other primary and secondary materials to introduce students to a more accurate, complex, and engaging understanding of United States history that is found in traditional history textbooks and curricula.